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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Tue, 05/01/2018 - 00:00
An analytical method based on liquid-liquid extraction combined with solid-phase extraction and isotope dilution-ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was well developed for simultaneous determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), bisphenol A (BPA), and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in peanut oil. After adding isotope internal standards, the...
Tue, 05/01/2018 - 00:00
A group of methods were developed for the determination of etofenprox, kresoxim-methyl, cyprodinil, azoxystrobin, and pyrimethanil residues in animal-derived food (milk, egg, pig liver, pig fat, pork, and chicken) by using QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe)-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). With acetonitrile as the extraction solvent, the...
Tue, 05/01/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Utonga-kupsu, Hentak and Ngari are traditional fermented fish products produced by the Manipuri people living in the North-Eastern part of India. The present study was designed with the aim to isolate, identify and characterize the microorganisms present in these fermented foods. Bacterial pure cultures were isolated using serially diluted samples and were further...
Tue, 05/01/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Milk adulteration is a globally upcoming problem that concerns consumers, food industries and control authorities. Milk authenticity testing of dairy products is necessary, to protect consumers from fraudulent products, mislabeling and health risks and avoid unfair competition of food industries. Milk-based products produced by milk from specific animal origin are...
Tue, 05/01/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Recent considerations have highlighted the great potential that can arise from extinct ecotypes above all in the so-called marginal areas, where the exploitation of these crops may have the environmental protection value, and in addition, a social value promoting employment in the areas subjects to depopulation. Moreover, many studies have confirmed that...
Wed, 04/25/2018 - 01:13
Hongbo Liu, Binghua Zhu, Beibei Liang, Xuebin Xu, Shaofu Qiu, Leili Jia, Peng Li, Lang Yang, Yongrui Li, Ying Xiang, Jing Xie, Ligui Wang, Chaojie Yang, Yansong Sun, Hongbin Song
Wed, 04/25/2018 - 01:13
Annegret Lucke, Josef Böhm, Qendrim Zebeli, Barbara U. Metzler-Zebeli
Tue, 04/24/2018 - 17:00
Fuxun Ai, Nico Eisenhauer, Yuwei Xie, Jianguo Zhu, Alexandre Jousset, Wenchao Du, Ying Yin, Xiaowei Zhang, Rong Ji, Hongyan Guo The concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contents in the environment have been rising due to human activities. Elevated CO2 (eCO2) levels have been shown to affect plant physiology and soil microbes, which may...
Tue, 04/24/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 171: Variation in the Microbiome, Trichothecenes, and Aflatoxins in Stored Wheat Grains in Wuhan, China Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10050171 Authors: Qing-Song Yuan Peng Yang Ai-Bo Wu Dong-Yun Zuo Wei-Jie He Mao-Wei Guo Tao Huang He-Ping Li Yu-Cai Liao Contamination by fungal and bacterial species and their metabolites can affect grain quality and...
Tue, 04/24/2018 - 00:00
Abstract α-l-Arabinofuranosidases with an orchestral action of xylanolytic enzymes degrades the xylan in plant cell wall. In this study, heterologous expression, biochemical characterization, and synergistic action of α-l-Arabinofuranosidase from previously identified.Geobacillus vulcani GS90 (GvAbf) was investigated. The recombinant α-l-Arabinofuranosidase was overexpressed in...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 11:05
Nontyphoidal Salmonella disease contributes toward significant morbidity and mortality across the world. Host factors, including gamma interferon, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and gut microbiota, significantly influence the outcome of Salmonella pathogenesis. However, the entire repertoire of host protective mechanisms contributing to Salmonella pathogenicity is not completely appreciated. Here,...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 11:05
Nontyphoidal serovars of Salmonella enterica are pathogenic bacteria that are common causes of food poisoning. Whereas Salmonella mechanisms of host cell invasion, inflammation, and pathogenesis are mostly well established, a new possible mechanism of immune evasion is being uncovered. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an immunosuppressive membrane protein that binds to activated T cells via...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 11:05
Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of human Q fever, a debilitating flu-like illness that can progress to chronic disease presenting as endocarditis. Following inhalation, C. burnetii is phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages and generates a lysosome-like replication compartment termed the parasitophorous vacuole (PV). A type IV secretion system (T4SS) is required for PV generation and is one...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 11:05
Ethanolamine is a ubiquitous and essential molecule within a host. Significantly, bacterial pathogens exploit ethanolamine during infection to promote growth and regulate virulence. The ethanolamine permease EutH is dispensable for growth in vitro under standard conditions, whereas EutH is required for ethanolamine utilization at low pH. These findings suggested a model in which EutH facilitates...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 09:36
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): Huhu Wang, Linlin Cai, Yunhan Li, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou Microorganism biofilms can form on food-contact surfaces and lead to cross-contamination of bacteria during food processing. The dynamics of biofilm formation by Pseudomonas fluorescens associated with meat spoilage and the resistance of established biofilm to four...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 09:36
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): Garam Bae, Jeongwon Kim, Hyojin Kim, Jong Hyeon Seok, Dan Bi Lee, Kyung Hyun Kim, Mi Sook Chung Kimchi, a food made of seasoned vegetables is probiotic-rich when fermented. Recent increases in the consumption of commercially-made kimchi have resulted in norovirus outbreaks in schools where freshly-prepared kimchi is served...
Mon, 04/23/2018 - 01:11
Gitanjali NandaKafle, Amy A. Christie, Sébastien Vilain, Volker S. Brözel
Sat, 04/21/2018 - 00:00
The neurotoxic and carcinogenic nature of acrylamide, coupled with the recent emphasis of the “probable carcinogenic” status of acrylamide is a cause for concern requiring further studies. The objective of this study was to determine the carcinogenic and neurotoxic risks associated with the consumption of frequently consumed foods in a Total Diet Study (TDS). From a selection of 80 frequently...
Fri, 04/20/2018 - 09:29
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): Ensyeh Rahimi, Ehsan Sadeghi, Somayeh Bohlouli, Farahnaz Karami The aims of the present study were to investigate the occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (D3G) in wheat flour samples obtained from Kermanshah, west part of Iran; determine the contamination levels of DON and D3G through the bread...
Fri, 04/20/2018 - 01:12
Aseem Pandey, Furong Lin, Ana L. Cabello, Luciana F. da Costa, Xuehuan Feng, Hui-Qiang Feng, Ming-Zhe Zhang, Takao Iwawaki, Allison Rice-Ficht, Thomas A. Ficht, Paul de Figueiredo, Qing-Ming Qin
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTVertical integration of the broiler industry allows producers to combine different biosecurity and sanitation practices, housing technologies, and feeding regimens to improve food safety. The objectives of this study were to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern of β-lactamase-producing E. coli and to compare the characteristics of E. coli recovered from 7 different integrated...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe interaction of 3 water sanitizers (sodium hypochlorite, iodine-polyvinylpyrrolidone, and citrate) utilized in poultry production on antibacterial activity and bioavailability of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMX) were studied. Sanitizers were mixed with AMX in prepared water, the resulting substances were regarded as amoxicillin-sanitizer products (ASP). First, the in vitro antibacterial...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the effects of Bacillus subtilis CGMCC 1.921 supplementation on the production performance, cecal microbiota and mucosal transcriptome of laying hens by 16s rRNA gene sequencing and RNA-seq. A total of 144 27-week-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were allocated into two treatments, namely, a basal diet without additions (T0) and the basal diet supplemented with 1.0 × 108...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 17:00
Rafael Campos, Fabíola Z. Mónica, Alberto Fernando Oliveira Justo, José Carlos Cogo, Edvana de Toledo Oliveira, Ronilson Agnaldo Moreno, Edson Antunes, Gilberto De Nucci A tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant mechanism is responsible for the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced contractions and relaxations of Crotalus durissus terrificus corpora cavernosa. Here it was investigated whether this...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 09:29
Publication date: August 2018 , Volume 90
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 165: Visual Non-Instrumental On-Site Detection of Fumonisin B1, B2, and B3 in Cereal Samples Using a Clean-Up Combined with Gel-Based Immunoaffinity Test Column Assay Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10040165 Authors: Wei Sheng Hesen Wu Weihong Ji Zhi Li Fangyu Chu Shuo Wang A visual immunoaffinity test column (IATC) assay was developed to detect fumonisins in...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 21:14
Publication date: August 2018 Source:LWT, Volume 94 Author(s): Kekgabile S. Letsididi, Zaixiang Lou, Rebaone Letsididi, Khalid Mohammed, Bibole L. Maguy A stable low-energy spontaneous trans-cinnamic acid (trans-CA) nanoemulsion with a particle size of 46.7 ± 1 nm, polydispersity indice of 0.27 ± 0.01 was formulated. Antimicrobial effects of trans-CA nanoemulsion displayed minimum...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 20:00
Poultry meat is one of the most important sources of infection of Yersinia spp. for humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of Yersinia enterocolitica in chicken meat by using culture method on selective medium and confirmation by PCR assay. Also, biochemical methods were used for biotyping. A total of 100 chicken thigh meat samples were collected randomly from retail...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 17:00
Samar S. Boswihi, Edet E. Udo, Stefan Monecke, Bindu Mathew, BobNoronha, Tina Verghese, Sajida B. Tappa Background Frequent changes in the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) occurring worldwide demand regular surveillance to study their composition and distribution in healthcare facilities. We investigated the genotypic characteristics of MRSA obtained in Kuwait...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 17:00
Muhammet Karakavuk, Duygu Aldemir, Aurélien Mercier, Esra Atalay Şahar, Hüseyin Can, Jean-Benjamin Murat, Ömer Döndüren, Şengül Can, Hüseyin Gökhan Özdemir, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Bayram Pektaş, Marie-Laure Dardé, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Mert Döşkaya Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoon parasite that causes congenital toxoplasmosis, as well as other serious clinical presentations, in immune...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 17:00
Heather E. Miller, Charles L. Larson, Robert A. Heinzen Coxiella burnetii is an intracellular bacterium that replicates within an expansive phagolysosome-like vacuole. Fusion between the Coxiella-containing vacuole (CCV) and late endosomes/multivesicular bodies requires Rab7, the HOPS tethering complex, and SNARE proteins, with actin also speculated to play a role. Here, we investigated the...
Wed, 04/18/2018 - 09:28
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): Sergio Ferro, Tony Amorico, Permal Deo By definition, foodborne outbreaks are illnesses affecting two or more people, correlated in terms of space and time, as a result of the ingestion of etiologic agents present in a common food. Ready-to-eat food products are normally subjected to treatments of sanitisation during processing...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 14:36
Host-associated microbiota help defend against bacterial pathogens; however, the mechanisms by which pathogens overcome this defense remain largely unknown. We developed a zebrafish model and used live imaging to directly study how the human pathogen Vibrio cholerae invades the intestine. The gut microbiota of fish monocolonized by symbiotic strain Aeromonas...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 14:36
Our studies of the SNP rs8060947 determine that the A allele is associated with increased invasion of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and increased susceptibility to typhoid fever (1). Gilchrist et al. (2) now provide evidence that the A allele is also associated with increased risk for bacteremia, and the association...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 14:36
Performing a genome-wide association study of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) invasion, Alvarez et al. (1) identify a trait-associated SNP, rs8060947, in VAC14. rs8060947 is an expression quantitative trait locus for VAC14 RNA expression, and carriage of the A allele is associated with reduced VAC14 RNA and protein expression,...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 09:27
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): A. Giusti, E. Ricci, M. Guarducci, L. Gasperetti, N. Davidovich, A. Guidi, A. Armani Pufferfish may be responsible for human intoxications due to the accumulation of a potentially lethal neurotoxin, called tetrodotoxin (TTX). While traditionally some species of pufferfish are consumed in Japan, their marketing is banned in...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 09:27
Publication date: September 2018 , Volume 91 Author(s): Jianhua Liu, Jie Xiao, Feng Li, Ying Shi, Dapeng Li, Qingrong Huang ε-Polylysine-loaded chitosan-sodium alginate nanoparticles (ε-PL NPs) were synthesized and characterized in terms of particle size distribution, surface morphology, thermal properties and structure, respectively. Their antibacterial activity on Escherichia...
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 81, Issue 5, Page 848-859, May 2018.
Tue, 04/17/2018 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 81, Issue 5, Page 848-859, May 2018.
Mon, 04/16/2018 - 20:00
AbstractDrinking water for poultry is not subject to particular microbiological, chemical and physical requirements, thereby representing a potential transmission route for pathogenic microorganisms and contaminants and/or becoming unsuitable for water-administered medications. This study assessed the microbiological, chemical and physical drinking water quality of 28 turkey farms in North-...
Mon, 04/16/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an alcoholic propolis extract (15%) as a disinfectant for Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) hatching eggs. A total of 600 eggs were randomly divided into four experimental groups: 1) negative control (NC), without disinfection, 2) control (C), fumigated with formaldehyde gas, 3) (A), sprayed with 96% alcohol, and 4) (P...

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