Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sun, 09/20/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Karine Patrin Pontin, Karen Apellanis Borges, Thales Quedi Furian, Daiane Carvalho, Daiane Elisa Wilsmann, Henrique Ribeiro Piaggio Cardoso, Annelise Kopp Alves, Gabriela Zottis Chitolina, Carlos Tadeu Pippi Salle, Hamilton Luiz de Souza Moraes, Vladimir Pinheiro do Nascimento
Sun, 09/20/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic treatments initiated on Emergency Departments (ED) are empirical. Therefore, knowledge of local susceptibility patterns is important. Despite this, data on expected pathogens and their resistance profile are scarce from EDs internationally. The study aim was to assess the epidemiology and resistance patterns of bacterial isolates from a tertiary-care ED over 5 years, focusing on ESKAPE...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 10:01
Typhoid toxin is a virulence factor of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever, and is thought to be responsible for the symptoms of severe disease. This toxin has a unique A2B5 architecture with two active subunits, the ADP ribosyl transferase PltA and the DNase CdtB, linked to a pentameric B subunit, which is alternatively made of PltB or PltC. Here, we describe...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 10:01
Stealthy intracellular bacterial pathogens are known to establish persistent and sometimes lifelong infections. Some of these pathogens also have a tropism for the reproductive system, thereby increasing the risk of reproductive disease and infertility. To date, the pathogenic mechanism involved remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that Brucella abortus, a notorious reproductive...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 10:01
Reproductive failure is the hallmark of brucellosis in animals. An uncommon but important complication in pregnant women who become acutely infected with Brucella melitensis is spontaneous pregnancy loss or vertical transmission to the fetus. Unfortunately, the mechanism behind reproductive failure is still obscure, partially due to the lack of a proper study model. Recently, it was demonstrated...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 10:01
Successful colonization by enteric pathogens is contingent upon effective interactions with the host and the resident microbiota. These pathogens thus respond to and integrate myriad signals to control virulence. Long-chain fatty acids repress the virulence of the important enteric pathogens Salmonella enterica and Vibrio cholerae by repressing AraC-type transcriptional regulators in...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 10:01
Biofilm formation by Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus [GAS]) in model systems mimicking the respiratory tract is poorly documented. Most studies have been conducted on abiotic surfaces, which poorly represent human tissues. We have previously shown that GAS forms mature and antibiotic-resistant biofilms on physiologically relevant epithelial cells. However, the roles of the...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 08:03
by Martina María Pereyra, Mariana Andrea Díaz, Friedhelm Meinhardt, Julián Rafael Dib Only quite recently, we have shown that yeast strains Clavispora lusitaniae 146 and Pichia fermentans 27 can act as efficient biocontrol agents for combating postharvest fungal diseases in lemons. During postharvest and storage conditions, microorganisms are subject to different stress factors that could affect...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 08:03
by Naw May Pearl Cartee, Michael M. Wang Omeprazole is the most commonly used proton pump inhibitor (PPI), a class of medications whose therapeutic mechanism of action involves formation of a disulfide linkage to cysteine residues in the H+/K+ ATPase pump on gastric secretory cells. Covalent linkage between the sole sulfur group of omeprazole and selected cysteine residues of the pump protein...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): Mahmood Alizadeh-Sani, Esmail Mohammadian, Jong-Whan Rhim, Seid Mahdi Jafari
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 06:10
LWT
Author(s): Yu-Hao Zhou, Sriram K. Vidyarthi, Chong-Shan Zhong, Zhi-An Zheng, Yu An, Jun Wang, Qing Wei, Hong-Wei Xiao
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 00:00
Fumonisin contamination in corn is an emerging issue in animal feed production. Fumonisin disrupts the metabolism of sphingolipids and reduces growth performance. This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding fumonisin-contaminated corn on growth performance and sphinganine (SA) to sphingosine (SO) ratios of 9 to 28 kg pigs. A total of 350 pigs, were used with 5 pigs/pen and 14...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 00:00
The reassessment of known but neglected natural compounds is a vital strategy for providing novel lead structures urgently needed to overcome antimicrobial resistance. Scaffolds with resistance-breaking properties represent the most promising candidates for a successful translation into future therapeutics. Our study focuses on chelocardin, a member of the atypical tetracyclines, and its...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 16:00
Petroleum is a very complex and diverse organic mixture. Its composition depends on reservoir location and in situ conditions and changes once crude oil is spilled into the environment, making the characteristics associated with every spill unique. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are common components of the crude oil and constitute a group of persistent organic pollutants. Due to their...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 16:00
A screen of a eukaryotic kinase inhibitor library in an established intracellular infection model identified a set of drug candidates enabling intracellular killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb). Screen validity was confirmed internally by a Z′ = 0.5 and externally by detecting previously reported host-targeting anti-M.tb compounds. Inhibitors of the CHK kinase family, specifically...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 16:00
The purpose of this study was to characterize the complete sequence of a novel plasmid carrying tigecycline resistance gene tet(X) and carbapenemase gene blaOXA-58 from a swine Acinetobacter sp. strain SH19PTT10. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was performed using microbroth dilution method. The isolate SH19PTT10 was highly resistant (16 mg/L) to tigecycline, and also exhibited resistance...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 16:00
The study evaluated the in vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy of an antimicrobial peptide (AMP), lactoferricin (17–30) [Lfcin (17–30)], against biofilm-forming multi-drug-resistant (MDR) strains of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), and subsequently, the in vivo antimicrobial efficacy was assessed in a Galleria mellonella larval model. Initially, minimum inhibitory concentration...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 16:00
Coxiella burnetii is the agent that causes acute and chronic Q fever infections in humans. Although the isolates studied so far have shown that the two forms of the disease differ in virulence potential thus, implying a variance in their proteomic profile, the methods used do not deliver enough discriminatory capability and often, human infections may be mis-diagnosed. The current study adds...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Enterococci are commensals that proliferated as animals crawled ashore hundreds of millions of years ago. They are also leading causes of multidrug-resistant hospital-acquired infections. While most studies are driven by clinical interest, comparatively little is known about enterococci in the wild or the effect of human activity on them. Pharmaceutical pollution and runoff from other human...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) bacteria are intrinsically antimicrobial-resistant opportunistic pathogens and key risk species in the contamination of nonfood industrial products. New agents and formulations to prevent growth of Burkholderia in home care (cleaning agents) and personal-care (cosmetics and toiletries) products are required. We characterized how ethylzingerone [4-(3-ethoxy-4-...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Salmonella enterica serovar Hvittingfoss is an important foodborne serotype of Salmonella, being detected in many countries where surveillance is conducted. Outbreaks can occur, and there was a recent multistate foodborne outbreak in Australia. S. Hvittingfoss can be found in animal populations, though a definitive animal host has not been established. Six species of birds were sampled at Roebuck...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis among veterinary students performing fetotomy exercises on euthanized calves took place in September 2018 in Denmark. A prospective cohort investigation was performed to identify risk factors and provide guidance for preventing outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis in this setting. Ninety-seven students attended the fetotomy exercises and completed a questionnaire about...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Ergot alkaloids are important specialized fungal metabolites that are used to make potent pharmaceuticals for neurological diseases and disorders. Lysergic acid (LA) and dihydrolysergic acid (DHLA) are desirable lead compounds for pharmaceutical semisynthesis but are typically transient intermediates in the ergot alkaloid and dihydroergot alkaloid pathways. Previous work with Neosartorya fumigata...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
We determined the disinfection efficacy and inactivation mechanisms of peracetic acid (PAA)-based sanitizer using pH values relevant for vegetable sanitation against rotavirus (RV) and Tulane virus (TV; a human norovirus surrogate). TV was significantly more resistant to PAA disinfection than RV: for a 2-log10 reduction of virus titer, RV required 1 mg/liter PAA for 3.5 min of exposure, while TV...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) occurring after artificial joint replacement is a major clinical issue requiring multiple surgeries and antibiotic interventions. Staphylococcus aureus is the bacterium most commonly responsible for PJI. Recent in vitro research has shown that staphylococcal strains rapidly form aggregates in the presence of synovial fluid (SF). We hypothesize that these...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:01
Biphenyl dioxygenase (BPDO), which is a Rieske-type oxygenase (RO), catalyzes the initial dioxygenation of biphenyl and some polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). In order to enhance the degradation ability of BPDO in terms of a broader substrate range, the BphAES283M, BphAEp4-S283M, and BphAERR41-S283M variants were created from the parent enzymes BphAELB400, BphAEp4, and BphAERR41, respectively, by...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 08:02
by Elisa Peh, Sophie Kittler, Felix Reich, Corinna Kehrenberg Contaminated poultry meat is considered to be the main source of human infection with Campylobacter spp., a pathogen that asymptomatically colonizes broiler chickens during fattening and contaminates carcasses during slaughter. To prevent or reduce the colonization of broiler flocks with Campylobacter spp., applying different organic...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Lijun Zheng, Hanming Zhang, Jie Ma, Jinjin Liu, Shuhuan Ma, Mingchen Wang, Yuqi Huo Noroviruses (NoVs) are a major cause of acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. In this study, we report the isolation, near-complete genome sequencing, and expression and biological characterization of the major capsid protein (VP1) of a GI.3 NoV isolated from a child presenting acute...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Heather Craven, Catherine McAuley, Murray Hannah, Lesley Duffy, Narelle Fegan, Stephen Forsythe The emergence of Cronobacter as an important potential pathogen for new born children and its occurrence in powdered infant formulae has generated a need to develop new management practices for this food group. This includes reduction of the prevalence of Cronobacter in manufacturing...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Vijakhana Pilaisangsuree, Piyanuch Anuwan, Kanitha Supdensong, Pimpimon Lumpa, Anupan Kongbangkerd, Apinun Limmongkon Plants counteract Cd toxicity by activating cellular stress responses. The simultaneous exogenous application of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and methyl-β-cyclodextrin (CD) before Cd exposure improved the response of Arachis hypogaea hairy root culture to the unfavourable...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Antonio León-Vaz, Luis C. Romero, Cecilia Gotor, Rosa León, Javier Vigara Cadmium is one of the most common heavy metals in contaminated aquatic environments and one of the most toxic contaminants for phytoplankton. Nevertheless, there are not enough studies focused on the effect of this metal in algae. Through a proteomic approach, this work shows how Cd can alter the growth, cell...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Pengwei Yao, Hanjun Zhou, Xueli Li, Lin Wei, Jing Wang, Sheng Zhang, Xiefeng Ye Cadmium (Cd) easily accumulates in tobacco, which endangers public health through Cd exposure from smoking. However, its uptake, translocation, and distribution in tobacco plants during plant development or its response to biochar application are poorly understood. A pot experiment was conducted with...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 06:06
LWT
Author(s): Chenghui Zhang, Changzhu Li, Mohamed A. Abdel-Samie, Haiying Cui, Lin Lin Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) can adhere to biological or non-biological surfaces, including food processing equipment and storage containers. Subsequently, they can contaminate food by forming a biofilm, thereby causing serious food safety problems. In this project, the natural antibacterial agent...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 04:02
The rising atmospheric CO2, concentration is expected to exert a strong impact on crop production, enhancing crop growth but threatening food security and safety. An improver wheat, a hybrid, and its parents were grown at elevated CO2, e[CO2] in open field, and their yield and rheological, nutritional, and sanitary quality were assessed. For all cultivars, grain yield increased (+16%) and protein...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 04:01
Surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) has been increasingly used in the label-free detections of various biospecies, such as organic toxins, proteins, and bacteria. In combination with the well-developed microarray immunoassay, SPRi has the advantages of rapid detection in tens of minutes and multiplex detection of different targets with the same biochip. Both prism-based and prism-free...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 02:02
An increase in the production and usage of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) triggers the necessity to focus on their impact on ecosystems. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the acute toxicity of AuNPs and ionic gold (Au (III)) to organisms representing all trophic levels of the aquatic ecosystem, namely producers (duckweed Lemna minor), consumers (crustacean Daphnia magna, embryos...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) can be used therapeutically to treat a wide range of neuromuscular and neurological conditions. A collection of natural BoNT variants exists which can be classified into serologically distinct serotypes (BoNT/B), and further divided into subtypes (BoNT/B1, B2, …). BoNT subtypes share a high degree of sequence identity within the same serotype yet can...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Forty-eight Pasteurella multocida isolates were recovered from porcine pneumonic lungs collected from farms in “Castilla y León” (north-western Spain) in 2017–2019. These isolates were characterized for their minimal inhibition concentrations to twelve antimicrobial agents and for the appearance of eight resistance genes: tetA, tetB, blaROB1, blaTEM, ermA...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance has been reported since the 1940s in both human and veterinary medicine. Many years of monitoring milk samples in South Africa led to identification of a novel maltose-negative Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strain, which appears to be an emerging pathogen. In this study, the susceptibility of this strain to antibiotics was evaluated over time, during diverse seasons in...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:13
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of gamma irradiation (0, 2.5, and 5 kGy) on physico‐mechanical and structural characteristics of films based on Farsi gum‐carboxymethyl cellulose supplemented with Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil (ZEO; 0%, 1%, and 2%) and lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNF; 0%, 1%, and 2%), and their application on fresh minced beef meat's shelf‐life...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:12
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are powerful microbial inhibitors with high potential in food preservation, despite this, their use as preservatives is very limited and one of the main reasons is the concern about their stability to food processing conditions. This manuscript offers a different view of the application of AMPs in food preservation, addressing the relationship between food processing...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:12
In this study, total RNA was extracted from young leaves of maize. Reverse transcription‐PCR (RT‐PCR) method was used to obtain full‐length TGase gene. The amplified fragment was sequenced to have 1,605 bp. The gene consisted of 535 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 60.9 kD. It was identical to the published TGase gene (GenBank NO.AJ421525). The TGase fragment was cloned...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:10
Cadmium (Cd) is a common toxic heavy metal in the environment, and bacteria have evolved different strategies against Cd‐toxicity. Here we found that marine bacterium Bacillus sp. 98 could significantly alleviate Cd‐toxicity by recruiting calcium (Ca) for reducing excessive intracellular nitric oxide (NO) and enhancing iron acquisition. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, mass spectrometry‐...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:09
The Tasmanian salmon industry had remained relatively free of major viral diseases until the emergence of pilchard orthomyxovirus (POMV). Originally isolated from wild pilchards, POMV is of concern to the industry as it can cause high mortality in farmed salmon (Salmo salar). Field observations suggest the virus can spread from pen to pen and between farms, but evidence of passive transmission in...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 18:01
Bisphenol A (BPA), an imperative environmental contaminant used in polycarbonate plastics. Due to limited information concerning the effect of BPA on lungs, this study design to assess whether BPA cause alterations in histopathology and trace metal content in lungs of rats. They were divided into five groups with five rats per group. Group I was named as control group. Group L6 and L12 were...

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