Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 06/19/2021 - 03:01
As part of the ongoing studies with clinically relevant   Klebsiella   spp., we characterized the genomes of three clinical GES-5-positive ST138 strains originally identified as Klebsiella oxytoca. bla OXY gene, average nucleotide identity and phylogenetic analyses showed the strains to be   Klebsiella michiganensis  . Affiliation of the strains to ST138...
Sat, 06/19/2021 - 00:00
Post-stroke spasticity impedes patients' rehabilitation progress. Contradictory evidence has been reported in using Botulinum Neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) to manage post-stroke lower extremity spasticity (PLES); furthermore, an optimum dose of BoNT-A for PLES has not yet been established. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 18:03
Dredged sediments display a great potential for growing media applications; however, there are few studies about their beneficial reuse for the waste storage reclamation. This research study aims at checking the agronomic values and environmental impacts of three growing media based on waterways sediments (WSs) and green waste (GW) according ecolabel requirements. For this purpose, three growing...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 18:03
To reduce waste volumes and recover valuable products, char was synthesized via co-pyrolysis of rice straw (RS) with spent tires, sulfur wastes, and CO2. The inclusion of wastes and CO2 in pyrolysis of RS was hypothesized to enhance the sorption ability of char for various contaminants, including 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP), lead, barium, chromate (CrO42−), and selenate (...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 16:00
Basic helix-loop-helix proteins (bHLHs) comprise one of the largest families of transcription factors in plants. They have been shown to be involved in responses to various abiotic stresses, such as drought, salinity, chilling, heavy metal toxicity, iron deficiency, and osmotic damages. By specifically binding to cis-elements in the promoter region of stress related genes, bHLHs can regulate...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 16:00
The aim of the study was to evaluate the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of 20 strains of S. Heidelberg (SH) isolated from broilers produced in southern Brazil. The similarity and presence of genetic determinants linked to virulence, antimicrobial resistance, biofilm formation, and in silico-predicted metabolic interactions revealed this serovar as a threat to public health. The presence...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 16:00
Lactobacillus casei (L. casei), a normal resident of the gastrointestinal tract of mammals, has been extensively studied over the past few decades for its probiotic properties in clinical and animal models. Some studies have shown that some bacterium of Lactobacillus stimulate the production of antimicrobial peptides in intestinal cells to clear enteric pathogens, however, which antimicrobial...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 16:00
The problem of antibiotic resistance has prompted researchers around the globe to search for new antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial proteins and peptides are naturally secreted by almost all the living organisms to fight infections and can be safer alternatives to chemical antibiotics. Lactoferrin (LF) is a known antimicrobial protein present in all body secretions. In this study, LF was...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 16:00
The midgut microbiota of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti impacts pathogen susceptibility and transmission by this important vector species. However, factors influencing the composition and size of the microbiome in mosquitoes are poorly understood. We investigated the impact of larval diet abundance during development on the composition and size of the larval and adult microbiota by...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 08:02
by Ho Jae Lim, Eun-Rim Kang, Min Young Park, Bo Kyung Kim, Min Jin Kim, Sunkyung Jung, Kyoung Ho Roh, Nackmoon Sung, Jae-Hyun Yang, Min-Woo Lee, Sun-Hwa Lee, Yong-Jin Yang Classification of clinical symptoms and diagnostic microbiology are essential to effectively employ antimicrobial therapy for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in a timely manner. Empirical antibiotic treatment without...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Xue Qin, Hao Wang, Chao Miao, Xinyan Yang, Yanming Zhang, Jing Feng, Stephen J. Forsythe, Chaoxin Man, Yujun Jiang
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Na Li, Hang Kang, Zhen Peng, Hua-feng Wang, Shi-qi Weng, Xu-hui Zeng
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 04:02
DNA-based detection methods are highly promising for risk assessment in the food sector, such as tracing the existence of food allergens. However, due to the complexity of food matrices, cumbersome protocols are often needed to isolate the DNA components, which hinder the achievement of rapid and on-site detection. Herein, an instant and multiple DNA extraction method was developed based on the...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 04:02
This study presents a comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with negative chemical ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC–NCI–QTOF/MS) method, which allows for a precise chromatographic separation of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs). A new reversed-phase column setup was used, which allows for more...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:02
Abstract As the reality of pandemic threats challenges humanity, exemplified during the ongoing SARS-CoV-2 infections, the development of vaccines targeting these etiological agents of disease has become increasingly critical. Of paramount concern are novel and reemerging pathogens that could trigger such events, including the plague bacterium Yersinia pestis. Y. pestis is responsible for more...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:01
The indiscriminate use of glyphosate is one of the main agricultural practices to combat weeds and grasses; however, its incorrect application increases soil and water contamination caused by the product. This situation is even more critical due to its great versatility for use in different cultivars and at lower prices, making it the most used pesticide in the world. Nevertheless, there is still...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:01
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant affecting ecosystems and posing risks to wildlife and human health. Mercury in soil represents a major indicator of its availability to enter both the terrestrial (agriculture) and aquatic food chain (fish and seafood) and contaminate consumers. Therefore, interest in soil Hg concentrations is useful for environmental Hg monitoring and remediation of contamined...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:01
The quality of water resources can be altered by human activities carried out in watersheds. These changes can lead to the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and compromise public health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence and concentration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli in the water at the Ecological Park Tietê in São Paulo, the antibiotics resistance of...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 00:00
This study assessed the impact of increasing seawater surface temperature (SST) and toxic algal abundance (TAA) on the accumulation, tissue distribution and elimination dynamics of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) in mussels. Mytilus coruscus were fed with the PSTs-producing dinoflagellate A. catenella under four simulated environment conditions. The maximum PSTs concentration was determined to...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 00:00
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), especially carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), are among the largest pathogenic threats to humans. The available antibiotic treatment options for combating CRKP are limited. Colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CoRE) have also been reported worldwide, including in Thailand. Therefore, this study aimed 1) to determine minimum...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 16:00
Environmental stresses of (a)biotic origin induce the production of multitudinous compounds (metabolites and proteins) as protective defense mechanisms in plants. On account of the regulation of some of these compounds, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) reinforce the inherent tolerance of plants toward the stress of different origins and kind. This article reviews two specific fundamental...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 16:00
Vibrio alginolyticus is one of the most important of pathogens that can infect humans and a variety of aquatic animals, and it can cause food poisoning and septicemia in humans. Widely used antibiotics are gradually losing their usefulness, and phages are gaining more attention as new antibacterial strategies. To have more potential strategies for controlling pathogenic bacteria, we isolated a...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 16:00
ObjectivesTo compare the safety, immunogenicity, and immune persistence of hepatitis A (HA) vaccines between HBs-Ag-positive and -negative participants.Method9000 participants were enrolled in the phase IV study of live attenuated HA (HA-L) or inactivated HA (HA-I) vaccines. The HBs-Ag-positive subjects were detected and became an independent observation group. Adverse reactions (ARs), geometric...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 08:04
by Cristina Giogha, Nichollas E. Scott, Tania Wong Fok Lung, Georgina L. Pollock, Marina Harper, Ethan D. Goddard-Borger, Jaclyn S. Pearson, Elizabeth L. Hartland During infection, enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) directly manipulate various aspects of host cell function through the translocation of type III secretion system (T3SS) effector proteins...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 08:04
This observational study determined the lipidome of cow milk during subclinical intramammary infection (IMI) by non-aureus staphylococci (NAS), also defined as coagulase-negative staphylococci, using an untargeted approach. Among the pathogens causing bovine IMI, NAS have become the most frequently isolated bacteria from milk samples. Although the application of system biology approaches to...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 08:04
Heat-resistant bacteria and molds can survive the pasteurization conditions used in high-acid fruit juices. The objective of this study was to evaluate the log reductions and thermal inactivation kinetics of spores of Bacillus subtilis bacteria and ascospores of Talaromyces flavus and Eupenicillium javanicum molds under influence of pH and sodium benzoate preservative. The spores were suspended...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:17
Author(s): Mantana Maman, Somsiri Sangchote, Onuma Piasai, Wiphawee Leesutthiphonchai, Henik Sukorini, Netnapis Khewkhom Arabica coffee is one of the most popular varieties globally; however, during postharvest and storage, it can be contaminated by fungi which produce mycotoxins such as ochratoxin A (OTA). The goal of this study was to determine fungal contamination and OTA levels of arabica...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:17
Author(s): Xianli Wang, Qicai Zhang, Zhiyong Zhao, Weiguo Song, Lin Cheng, Junhua Yang, Shanshan Chen, Shuhui Guan, Wei Song, Qinxiong Rao, Zhihui Zhao Dietary intake is a major pathway of human exposure to perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). Livestock and poultry meats (chicken, beef, mutton) account for a significant proportion of dietary consumption in China, and thus it is crucial to investigate...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Marta Hernandez-Jover, Fiona Culley, Jane Heller, Michael P. Ward, Ian Jenson In 2017-18, the Australian red meat (beef, sheep and goat species) industry generated more than $AUD 13 billion in export trade alone and is therefore of substantial importance to the Australian GDP. With both relatively high amounts of domestic red meat consumption and dependence on international markets,...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Layal Karam, Talia Salloum, Rima El Hage, Hussein Hassan Spices and herbs are widely used in almost all types of food preparation and their microbial contamination may cause spoilage and pose public health risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of packaging, source and a food safety management system (FSMS) on the microbiological quality of spices and dried herbs in...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Di Sun, Jin Mao, Zhijian Wang, Hui Li, Liangxiao Zhang, Wen Zhang, Qi Zhang, Peiwu Li Peanut is an important resource of edible oil and digestible protein in daily life, which is rich in the nutriments and antioxidants such as vitamins, minerals and polyphenols. However, peanut is susceptible to the contamination of Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus), which can produce highly carcinogenic...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Zezheng Liu, Qian Ye, Anchun. Cheng, Xuming. Ou, Sai Mao, Di Sun, Shaqiu. Zhang, Xinxin. Zhao, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Juan Huang, Qun Gao, Bin Tian, Mingshu Wang Duck hepatitis A virus 1 (DHAV-1) can cause high morbidity and fatal acute infectious hepatitis in ducklings, which seriously endangers animal husbandry. Viroporin is a small molecular weight hydrophobic transmembrane protein...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:10
LWT
Author(s): Cid R. González-González, Olaoniye Labo-Popoola, Gonzalo Delgado-Pando, Katerina Theodoridou, Olena Doran, Alexandros Ch Stratakos In this study, the antimicrobial efficiency of a novel low-voltage piezoelectric direct discharge generated cold plasma (CAP) and linalool-loaded nanoemulsion washing (LW) was assessed against Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on ready-to-eat (RTE)...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 04:02
In this study, the rhodamine 6G hydrazide (R6GH) complex was synthesized to develop an “off–on” output platform for fluorescence and visual dual-mode analysis of lead(II) (Pb2+). The prepared R6GH complex using the heat to reflux reaction of rhodamine 6G (R6G) and hydrazine hydrate was characterized through FT-IR, MS, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR and demonstrated to have good fluorescence stability and...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 02:01
The species composition of eight shrub communities were investigated in order to understand the species diversity of plant communities in buffer zone and wetland of Momianhe stream along a long-term mine waste area, Lanping county, Yunnan province, China. Dominant plant species and soil samples were collected to analysis heavy metal (Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd) accumulation characteristics. The results...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 02:01
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mercury were investigated in smoked catfish illegally sold and confiscated by Italian authorities in Turin (North-western Italy). The mean benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) concentration was 73 ± 11 μg kg−1 and the total mean PAH concentration (ΣPAH) was 243 ± 38 μg kg−1, both exceeding the EU maximum limits (2.0 and 12 μg/kg) set in muscle of smoked fish and...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 02:01
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the status of heavy metal contamination in the samples of soil, water, vegetables, and vital organs (liver and kidney) of predominant species of rat i.e. Bandicota bengalensis, collected from the vegetable fields near Buddha Nullah (a seasonal water stream highly contaminated with domestic and industrial waste), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. The samples of...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 00:00
Metal-based drugs, including lanthanide complexes, have been extremely effective in clinical treatments against various diseases and have raised major interest in recent decades. Hence, in this work, a series of lanthanum (III) and cerium (III) complexes, including Schiff base ligands derived from (1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)aniline, salicylaldehyde, and 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde were synthesized and...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 22:07
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, EarlyView. To evaluate the protective effect of baicalin against a Vibrio parahaemolyticus challenge, immune parameters were analyzed and RNA interference (RNAi) was performed in the present study. The results from challenge tests showed that the cumulative mortalities in the 200 and 400 mg/kg baicalin groups after challenge with V. parahaemolyticus were...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 18:03
Despite the ban of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) some decades ago, concerns regarding their adverse health effects are continuing, because the workers employed for installation and repair of electrical equipment may be still exposed to PCBs. This study aimed to assess serum PCBs levels in workers in different industries. To do this, we determined the serum concentrations of 9 non-dioxin-like...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 18:03
Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal that is widely present in modern industrial production. It is a known, highly toxic environmental endocrine disruptor. Long-term exposure to Cd can cause varying degrees of damage to the liver, kidney, and reproductive system of organisms, especially the male reproductive system. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Cd toxicity in the male reproductive system...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 16:00
BackgroundThe widespread use of antibiotics has led to the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria such as multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (AB). Tigecycline (TGC), as the first glycylcycline antibiotic approved by FDA, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic which remains highly effective to treat AB infections.ObjectiveTo confirm the TGC treatment dosage and effectiveness to treat AB...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 16:00
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes, and genetic diversity of Campylobacter spp. along the yellow-feathered broiler slaughtering line in Southern China from December 2018 to June 2019. A total of 157 Campylobacter spp. isolates were identified from 1,102 samples (including 53.6% (75/140) of live chicken anal swab samples, 27.5% (...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 16:00
Background: Enabling faster Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (AST) is critical, especially to detect antibiotic resistance, to provide rapid and appropriate therapy and to improve clinical outcomes. Although several standard and automated culture-based methods are available and widely used, these techniques take between 18 and 24 h to provide robust results. Faster techniques are needed to...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 12:01
Citrobacter freundii is a significant cause of human infections, responsible for food poisoning, diarrhea, and urinary tract infections. We previously identified a highly cytotoxic and adhesive C. freundii strain CF74 expressing a type VI secretion system (T6SS). In this study, we showed that in mice-derived macrophages, C. freundii CF74 activated the Nucleotide Oligomerization Domain -Like...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 08:03
Organic–inorganic layered perovskites, or Ruddlesden–Popper perovskites, are two-dimensional quantum wells with layers of lead-halide octahedra stacked between organic ligand barriers. The combination of their dielectric confinement and ionic sublattice results in excitonic excitations with substantial binding energies that are strongly coupled to the surrounding soft, polar lattice. However, the...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 04:03
Significant resources including both human and financial capital have been dedicated to developing and delivering food handler training programs to meet government and organizational mandates. Even with the plethora of food safety-oriented training programs, there is scant empirical evidence documenting their effectiveness suggesting the need to rethink the design and delivery of food safety...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 04:03
Experiments were performed to assess the survival of Salmonella on whole Brazil nuts and pumpkin seeds stored at 8ºC, 23ºC, and 37ºC. Brazil nut kernels and pumpkin seeds were inoculated with bacterial inoculum containing 10.4 Log 10 CFU/ml of Salmonella Enteritidis Phage Type 30 ( S E PT30) and then aseptically dried at room temperature for 24 hrs. After the drying step, levels of Salmonella...
Wed, 06/16/2021 - 04:03
Fresh Milk Bar (FMB), an emerging dairy retail franchise, is used to instantly produce and sell pasteurized milk and other dairy products in China. However, the quality and safety of pasteurized milk in FMB have received little attention. The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence genes of Escherichia coli (E. coli) , Staphylococcus...

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