Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Mon, 07/06/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Qianchun Zhang, Yanqun Yang, Changbo Zhang, Yuguo Zheng, Yun Wun, Xingyi Wang Patulin is a type of mycotoxin that can compromise both food quality and human health, and its potential toxic effects on human health are concerning. Therefore, strict monitoring of patulin content in food systems is necessary. However, discrimination and quantification of this toxin are difficult because of...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Ellen Mendez, Diane K. Walker, Jessie Vipham, Valentina Trinetta Listeria monocytogenes is one of the most concerning pathogens for the food industry due to its ability to form biofilms, particularly in difficult-to-clean sites of processing facilities. There is a current industry-wide lack of data to refer to when selecting a strategy to control L. monocytogenes biofilms in the food...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): M.F. Peruzy, M. Aponte, Y.T.R. Proroga, F. Capuano, D. Cristiano, E. Delibato, K. Houf, N. Murru Conventional methods for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in food samples are generally considered inadequate. Problems arise from the presence of the so-called “background flora”, coupled to the low contamination level of the pathogen. Since, data on the microbial ecology occurring in...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 04:03
Acetylcholinesterase inactivating compounds, such as organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides, are widely used in agriculture to ensure sustainable production of food and feed. As a consequence of their applications, they would result in neurotoxicity, even death. In this essence, the development of enzyme inhibition methods still shows great significance as rapid detection techniques...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 00:01
It is widely known that pneumonia (either community acquired or hospital acquired, as like ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP)), is the most frequent type of severe infection and continues to pose a significant burden on healthcare services worldwide. Despite new diagnostic developments, most pneumonia cases continue to be difficult to diagnose clinically, partly due to acquired antibiotic...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 22:07
The effects of ultraviolet (UV)‐C irradiation on the physicochemical properties of oyster mushroom polysaccharide (OMP) films were investigated. The prepared OMP films were subjected to UV‐C treatment (5.4 kJ/m2). UV‐C irradiation increased the tensile strength and decreased the water vapour permeability of the OMP films. In addition, the incorporation of 1.0% Cudrania tricuspidata leaf extract (...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 08:02
Edible films can be designed to serve as carriers of antimicrobial agents and be used to control pathogenic foodborne viruses and bacteria. This research tested this concept by dissolving green tea extract (GTE) in chitosan film-forming solutions (FFS) and using it to prepare dried chitosan edible films. As a control, the GTE was also dissolved in deionized water (DW). The FFS and the dried...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Angela Maria García-Sánchez, Marta Reguera-Gomez, Maria Adela Valero, Cristina Cutillas Human trichuriasis is a neglected tropical disease which affects millions of people worldwide, mostly living in low socio-economic conditions. Numerous studies have been conducted over the past 10 years to compare the different techniques for T. trichiura eggs detection. Our study provides the first...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Fangfang Yan, Li Zhao, Wanbing Chen, Qun Lu, Cuie Tang, Chengming Wang, Rui Liu This study evaluated the stabilities of catechin (C), epicatechin (EC), procyanidin B3, procyanidin A1 and epicatechin-(4β → 6)-epicatechin-(2β → O → 7,4β → 8)-catechin (PCA-trimer) during in vitro digestion, as well as characterized their digestion products (DPs), and evaluated their protective effects...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Ling Jin, Ting Li, Tan Yang, Xuehua Liang, Bin Wu, Dengchao Zou, Liwen Hu, Ganhui Huang, Jinsheng Zhang The monitoring and control of foodborne pathogenic microorganisms to protect food safety is of great significance. A biosensor based on superparamagnetic ultra-small iron oxide nanoparticles (USIO NPs) combined with membrane filtration and low field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Madeleine Moazzami, Lise-Lotte Fernström, Ingrid Hansson It is critical to maintain low levels of microbes in the whole food production chain. Due to high speed of slaughter, lack of time, and structural characteristics of crates, sufficient cleaning and disinfection of crates used for transporting chickens to abattoirs is a challenge. Inadequately cleaned transport crates for broiler...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Florence Becot, Jason Parker, David Conner, Lori Pivarnik, Nicole Richard, Diane Wright-Hirsch The 2011 Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) exempts most small- and medium-scale growers in the U.S. from the new produce safety rule that creates a set of minimum safety standards for producing and processing fresh fruits and vegetables. While the exemption may limit the financial burden...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Janne Lundén, Mikko Kosola, Juho Kiuru, Jenni Kaskela, Tommi Inkinen The consistency of inspections is an important requirement of official food control. Inconsistency may endanger food safety and lead to mistrust in official food control. The reasons leading to inconsistency and the mitigation of inconsistency are therefore important. Here we investigated the distribution of...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Wei Quan, Yong Li, Ye Jiao, Chaoyi Xue, Guoping Liu, Zhaojun Wang, Zhiyong He, Fang Qin, Maomao Zeng, Jie Chen The simultaneous formation of acrylamide; β-carboline heterocyclic amines (HAs): harmane and norharmane; and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) (Nε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) and Nε-(carboxyethyl)lysine (CEL)) was analyzed based on an aqueous model system. The model...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Andrew D. Younger, Anna Neish, David I. Walker, Kaitlyn L. Jenkins, James A. Lowther, Tina A. Stapleton, Mickael Teixeira Alves Depuration of oysters can effectively reduce levels of E. coli, however, may not be effective in safeguarding against viral contamination (EFSA, 2012). These trials assess the removal of Norovirus Genogroups I and II (NoV GI and GII) and F + RNA bacteriophage...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Huihui Zhang, Zisong Xu, Kaiwen Guo, Yuze Huo, Guoqiang He, Hongwei Sun, Yupeng Guan, Nan Xu, Wei Yang, Guangyu Sun To explore the mechanisms underlying the action of the heavy metals Cd and Zn on the photosynthetic function of plant leaves, the effects of 100 μmol L−1 Cd and 200 μmol L−1 Zn stress (the exposure concentrations of Cd and Zn in the culture medium were 2.24 mg kg−1 and 5....
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Wantang Huang, Hua Yin, Yuanyuan Yu, Guining Lu, Zhi Dang, Zhanghong Chen In this study, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was applied to degrade tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) with glucose as a co-metabolic substrate. Influencing factors of co-metabolic degradation such as pH, TBBPA and glucose concentration were examined and the degradation efficiency under optimal condition reached about 50% on...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Jianbo Shi, Yong Cai Heavy metals have been extensively used in industry, agriculture, medicine and other fields for a long history. Their wide distribution in the environment raised great concern for adverse effects on environment and human health. Although studies have been conducted for many years, key processes and mechanisms regarding environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology of...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 02:01
Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is one of the most common and widely distributed food-borne bacteria. Thus, it is necessary to establish a rapid, specific, and sensitive detection approach for V. parahaemolyticus. The strategy of combining immunomagnetic separation method (IMS) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measure was established successfully for V. parahaemolyticus detection...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 00:00
Overwhelming empirical evidence has highlighted the contribution of indiscriminate antibiotic usage (ABU) in food animals to the overall burden of antibiotic resistance (ABR) in humans, thus making antibiotic use the main selective pressure driving antibiotic resistance. The social and behavioral perspective on antibiotic use and resistance in poultry is limited. Our study therefore aimed at...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Dilumi W.K. Liyanage, Dmytro P. Yevtushenko, Michele Konschuh, Benoît Bizimungu, Zhen-Xiang Lu Potato chips are among the highest contributors to the dietary intake of acrylamide, a potent neurotoxin and likely carcinogen in heat-processed foods. The present study aimed to determine the effects of frying conditions and additive treatments on reducing sugars, asparagine levels, and...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): James Ledo, Kasper A. Hettinga, Jamal B. Kussaga, Pieternel A. Luning The varying performance of safety and hygiene control practices by chain actors can influence the consistent production of milk of good quality and safety in dairy chains. Therefore, the study aimed to investigate if differences in safety and hygiene control practices translate into distinctions in milk quality and...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Shuangfang Hu, YigangYu, Ziquan Lv, Jianzhong Shen, Yuebin Ke, Xinglong Xiao Salmonella Enteritidis is a major cause of foodborne gastroenteritis and is thus a persistent threat to global public health. The acid adaptation response helps Salmonella survive exposure to gastric environment during ingestion. In a previous study we highlighted the damage caused to cell membrane and the...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 02:02
The aim of this study was to determine dietary exposure to ochratoxin A (OTA) in Turkish adults. In this study, 500 food samples (50 rice, 50 wheat bread, 50 pasta, 50 raisins, 50 dried figs, 50 pistachios, 50 hazelnuts, 50 almonds, 50 chilli, 25 coffee, and 25 cocoa) collected from Turkey were analysed with a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Moreover, a total of 370...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 02:01
QuEChERS combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed to analyze multi-class mycotoxins including aflatoxins, ochratoxins, and Alternaria toxins in apples and tomatoes. Using apples and tomatoes as the research models, the method performance had been evaluated, showing great convenience, high sensitivity, and good reliability. The...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 02:01
Marine pollution has increased reaching the entire marine environment, from the surface to the deepest sediment, and has become more concerning in the last 70 years. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are a fraction of ocean waste that includes, among the others, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and plastic polymers. These chemicals have an extremely long half-life, and (bio)accumulate...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 00:00
Pufferfish of the family Tetraodontidae possess tetrodotoxin (TTX) and/or saxitoxins (STXs), but the toxin ratio differs, depending on the genus or species. In the present study, to clarify the distribution profile of TTX and STXs in Tetraodontidae, we investigated the composition and intra-body distribution of the toxins in Canthigaster valentini. C. valentini specimens (four male and six female...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 22:10
Detecting pesticide residues in human serum is a challenging process. This study developed and validated a method for the extraction and recovery of residues of multiple classes of pesticides from serum using one reagent. Salt‐assisted acetonitrile extraction and HPLC with quadrupole time of flight MS/MS were used to quantitate 34 pesticides classified in nine groups of chemicals in human serum...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 22:10
The study aimed to establish a automated versatile sample preconcentration method based on the modified immunomagnetic beads, which was utilized to enrich for aflatoxin B1 from the matrices. The critical main parameters affecting the extraction efficiency, such as usage amount of immunomagnetic beads, reaction time, elution time, blending way was investigated. Under the optimized conditions, the...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 22:08
Aims This article presents models of artificial neural networks employed to predict the biological activity of chemical compounds based of their structure. Regression and classification models were designed to determine antimicrobial properties of quaternary ammonium salts against Escherichia coli strain. Methods and Results The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) microbial growth Escherichia...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 22:08
ABSTRACT Aims The aims of this study were to determine the occurrence of Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) on soybean pods, seeds and roots, including rhizoplane, during the soybean crop in rotation with wheat and to evaluate the FGSC dynamics on wheat and soybean residues during two soybean growing season in rotation with wheat, particularly of F. graminearum sensu stricto (FGss)....
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 16:00
Bacterial microorganisms which are latent in in vitro cultures can limit the efficiency of in vitro methods for the conservation of genetic resources. In this study we screened 2,373 accessions from the in vitro sweetpotato germplasm collection of the International Potato Center in Lima, Peru for bacteria associated with plantlets in tissue culture through a combination of morphological methods...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 16:00
The objective of this study was to explore the genetic and biological features of the tet(M)-harboring plasmid pTS14 in Salmonella enterica strain S14 isolated from a chicken fecal sample. Plasmid pTS14 was identified by conjugation, S1-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), Southern hybridization, and plasmid sequencing. The biological characteristics of pTS14 were assessed via stability,...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 16:00
Bacillus cereus is one of the most important foodborne pathogenic microorganisms, which can lead to gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal diseases. However, the potential risk of B. cereus in aquatic products in China has not been comprehensively evaluated yet. In this study, a total of 860 aquatic samples from three types of retail aquatic products were collected from 39 major cities in...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 16:00
In natural environments, the production of neurotoxic and bioaccumulative methylmercury (MeHg) is mediated by microorganisms carrying the genes hgcA and hgcB. However, the contribution of these microorganisms to mercury (Hg) methylation or MeHg accumulation in the ocean is poorly understood. Here we determined the total Hg (THg) and MeHg concentrations in seawater samples and conducted a...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 10:01
According to the World Health Organization, arsenic is the water contaminant that affects the largest number of people worldwide. To limit its impact on the population, inexpensive, quick, and easy-to-use systems of detection are required. One promising solution could be the use of whole-cell biosensors, which have been extensively studied and could meet all these criteria even though they often...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 10:01
Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogen mostly associated with the consumption of ready-to-eat foods and can cause severe disease and death. It can be introduced into food chains from raw materials, but often the contamination source is the food production environment, where certain clones can persist for years. In the meat chain, ST9 is one of the most commonly encountered L. monocytogenes sequence...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 10:01
The aim of this research was to investigate the efficacy of the duty ratio and applied voltage in the inactivation of pathogens in soybean curd by pulsed ohmic heating (POH). The heating rate of soybean curd increased rapidly as the applied voltage increased, although the duty ratio did not affect the temperature profile. We supported this result by verifying that electrical conductivity...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 08:01
by Eli J. Cohen, Daisuke Nakane, Yoshiki Kabata, David R. Hendrixson, Takayuki Nishizaka, Morgan Beeby Campylobacter jejuni rotates a flagellum at each pole to swim through the viscous mucosa of its hosts’ gastrointestinal tracts. Despite their importance for host colonization, however, how C. jejuni coordinates rotation of these two opposing flagella is unclear. As well as their polar placement...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 08:01
by Chihong Song, Reiko Takai-Todaka, Motohiro Miki, Kei Haga, Akira Fujimoto, Ryoka Ishiyama, Kazuki Oikawa, Masaru Yokoyama, Naoyuki Miyazaki, Kenji Iwasaki, Kosuke Murakami, Kazuhiko Katayama, Kazuyoshi Murata Norovirus is the major cause of epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Lack of structural information on infection and replication mechanisms hampers the development of...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 08:01
by Feng Wu, Biao Chen, Sha Liu, Xiongjian Xia, Liuling Gao, Xiaoyong Zhang, Qing Pan The present study investigated the effects of four woody forages (Moringa oleifera Lam (MOL), fermented MOL, Folium mori (FM) and fermented FM) on biodiversity and bioactivity of aerobic culturable gut bacteria of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by a traditional culture-dependent method. A total of 133 aerobic...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 08:01
by Zhao Chen, Dai Kuang, Xuebin Xu, Narjol González-Escalona, David L. Erickson, Eric Brown, Jianghong Meng We sequenced 25 isolates of phenotypically multidrug-resistant Salmonella Indiana (n = 11), Typhimurium (n = 8), and Enteritidis (n = 6) using both MinION long-read [SQK-LSK109 and flow cell (R9.4.1)] and MiSeq short-read (Nextera XT and MiSeq Reagent Kit v2) sequencing technologies to...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Pauline Christ Ledur, Janio M. Santurio Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungus which cause worldwide concern regarding food and feed safety. Ochratoxin A (OTA), fumonisin B1 (FB1) and deoxynivalenol (DON) are some of the main mycotoxins and oxidative stress is the main mechanism of toxicity. Thereby, this study investigates the in vitro cytoprotective effects of...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Y. Ma, Y.Z. Shi, Q.J. Wu, Y.Q. Wang, J.P. Wang, Z.H. Liu In this study, we explored the effect of dietary lead nitrate on the zootechnical performance, egg quality, accumulation of ovarian plumbum (Pb), follicular atresia rate and ovarian oxidative stress in laying hens. Furthermore, the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signaling molecule was studied to reveal the...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): B.R. Wagle, A.M. Donoghue, S. Shrestha, I. Upadhyaya, K. Arsi, A. Gupta, R. Liyanage, N.C. Rath, D.J. Donoghue, A. Upadhyay Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Chickens act as the reservoir host for C. jejuni, wherein the pathogen asymptomatically colonizes the ceca leading to contamination of carcasses during slaughter. The major...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 04:02
Aeromonas hydrophila, a pathogenic bacterium, is harmful to humans, domestic animals, and fishes and, moreover, of public health concern due to the emergence of multiple drug-resistant strains. The cell wall has been discovered as a novel and efficient drug target against bacteria, and d-alanine–d-alanine ligase (Ddl) is considered as an essential enzyme in bacterial cell wall biosynthesis....
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 02:01
Summarized the heavy metal pollution caused by natural and human activities. The natural causes include the migration and redistribution of soil debris and the hydraulic migration of soil parent rock with high background value under the action of wind; human factors include mining, abandoned mining areas, fertilizer and pesticide application, and sewage irrigation. By examining the sources of...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 00:00
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are toxins produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, the causing agent for botulism, in different serotypes, seven of which (A–G) are well characterized, while others, such as H or FA, are still debated. BoNTs exert their action by blocking SNARE (soluble N-ethylmale-imide-sensitive factor-attachment protein receptors) complex formation and vesicle...
Thu, 07/02/2020 - 22:12
African swine fever (ASF) is currently considered the most significant global threat to pork production worldwide. Disease caused by the ASF virus (ASFV) results in high case fatality of pigs. Importantly, ASF is a trade‐limiting disease with substantial implications on both global pork and agricultural feed commodities. ASFV is transmissible through natural consumption of contaminated swine feed...

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