Bacterial pathogens

Tue, 03/02/2021 - 00:00
Clostridium perfringens is an often-harmful intestinal bacterium that causes various diseases ranging from food poisoning to life-threatening fulminant disease. Potential treatments include phage-derived endolysins, a promising family of alternative antimicrobial agents. We surveyed the genome of the C. perfringens st13 strain and identified an endolysin gene, psa, in the phage remnant region....
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 22:11
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Accepted Article. In this study, the effect of cholesterol on antibiotic resistance of Salmonella Typhimurium was investigated. Antibiotic resistance patterns revealed that the bacterium was susceptible to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, gentamicin and resistant to penicillin,...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 16:00
Coastal areas impacted by high anthropogenic pressures typically display sediment contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals (HMs). Microbial-based bioremediation represents a promising strategy for sediment reclamation, yet it frequently fails due to poor knowledge of the diversity and dynamics of the autochthonous microbial assemblages and to the inhibition of the...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 16:00
The aim of the present study was to address method-dependent implications during the quantification of viable Campylobacter coli cells on meat over time. Traditional colony counting on selective and non-selective culture media along with an optimized viability real-time PCR utilizing propidium monoazide-quantitative PCR (PMA-qPCR), spheroplast formation and an internal sample process control (...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 16:00
A novel type II toxin of toxin–antitoxin systems (TAs), Gcn5-related N-acetyltransferase (GNAT) family, was reported recently. GNAT toxins are mainly present in pathogenic species, but studies of their involvement in pathogenicity are rare. This study discovered that the GANT toxin AtaT in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) can significantly enhance strain pathogenicity. First, we detected...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 16:00
The gut microbiota of preterm infants is affected by perinatal factors and, in turn, may impact upon infant health. In this study, we collected fecal samples at Day-10 (D10) and 4-months corrected-age (4M) from 227 moderate–late preterm (MLPT) babies enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of nutritional management. A total of 320 samples underwent 16S amplicon sequencing, and shotgun...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 16:00
Over the last decade, an increasing number of reports presented Galleria mellonella larvae as an important model to study host-pathogen interactions. Coherently, increasing information became available about molecular mechanisms used by this host to cope with microbial infections but few of them dealt with oxidative stress. In this work, we addressed the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 14:04
The persistence of Salmonella enterica on abiotic surfaces in hospitals and the agri-food industries leads to several infections worldwide. In this context, this work aimed to study the adhesion of S. Enteritidis on plasma-modified stainless steel to prevent biofilm-associated-infections. Surface modification was achieved by the elaboration of organosilicon coatings from the monomer 1,1,3,3-...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Jiwon Kim, Hoikyung Kim, Larry R. Beuchat, Jee-Hoon Ryu The objective of this study was to identify combinations of plant essential oils (EOs) that have synergistic antilisterial effects in raw organic tomato juice. Among the EOs approved for addition to organic foods in the Republic of Korea, twenty-four EOs were screened for antilisterial activity using a well diffusion assay. Six...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Qixing Lin, Kapil K. Chousalkar, Andrea R. McWhorter, Samiullah Khan In Australia and other parts of the world, contaminated eggs or egg-containing food products are common vehicles for human Salmonella outbreaks. Recently, an uncommon serotype, Salmonella Hessarek, has emerged in foodborne salmonellosis due to the consumption of contaminated eggs and egg products. Limited research is...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Soundous El-Hajjaji, Amaury Gérard, Juliette De Laubier, Aurélie Lainé, Viviane Patz, Marianne Sindic Bacteria can play different roles and impart various flavors and characteristics to food. Few studies have described bacterial microbiota of butter. In this study, next-generation sequencing was used to determine bacterial content of raw milk butter, processed during a challenge test,...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 00:00
Cefiderocol is a new siderophore cephalosporin approved for the treatment of multidrug resistant bacteria including activity against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. As cephalosporins are known for their high pharmacokinetic variability in critically ill patients, cefiderocol therapeutic drug monitoring might become a valuable tool. Therefore, we aimed to develop...
Mon, 03/01/2021 - 00:00
The definition of a high risk clone for antibiotic resistance dissemination was initially established for human medicine. We propose a revised definition of a high risk clone adapted to the One Health context. Then, we applied our criteria to a cluster of enrofloxacin non susceptible ETEC:F4 isolates which emerged in 2013 in diseased pigs in Quebec. The whole genomes of 183 ETEC:F4 strains...
Sun, 02/28/2021 - 14:04
Recent studies have gained a better appreciation of the potential impacts of enteric infections beyond symptomatic diarrhea. It is recognized that infections by several enteropathogens could be associated with growth deficits in children and intestinal and systemic inflammation may play an important underlying role. With enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) being one of the leading causes of diarrhea...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 16:00
In recent years, clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates have become highly resistant to antibiotics, which has raised concerns about the ability to control infections by these organisms. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of a new small molecule, ZY-214-4 (C19H11BrNO4), on S. aureus pigment production.
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:04
Salicylic acid plays an important role in the plant immune response, and its degradation is therefore important for plant-pathogenic fungi. However, many nonpathogenic microorganisms can also degrade salicylic acid. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger, two salicylic acid metabolic pathways have been suggested. The first pathway converts salicylic acid to catechol by a salicylate...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:04
Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens display significant public health threats by causing difficulties in clinical treatment of bacterial infection. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is transmissible between bacteria, significantly increasing the appearance of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens and aggravating the AMR problem. In this work, the dissemination dynamics of AMR from invading multidrug-...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:04
The bacterial hydrolytic dehalogenation of 4-chlorobenzoate (4CBA) is a coenzyme A (CoA)-activation-type catabolic pathway that is usually a common part of the microbial mineralization of chlorinated aromatic compounds. Previous studies have shown that the transport and dehalogenation genes for 4CBA are typically clustered as an fcbBAT1T2T3C operon and inducibly expressed in response to 4CBA....
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:04
Listeria monocytogenes is a major human and animal foodborne pathogen. However, data from environmental reservoirs remain scarce. Here, we used whole-genome sequencing to characterize Listeria species isolates recovered over 1 year from wild animals in their natural habitats in Spain. Three different Listeria spp. (L. monocytogenes [n = 19], Listeria ivanovii subsp. londoniensis [n = 4], and...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
Freshwater can support the survival of the enteric pathogen Salmonella, though temporal Salmonella diversity in a large watershed has not been assessed. At 28 locations within the Susquehanna River basin, 10-liter samples were assessed in spring and summer over 2 years. Salmonella prevalence was 49%, and increased river discharge was the main driver of Salmonella presence. The amplicon-based...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
High-quality habitats for wildlife (e.g., forest) provide essential ecosystem services while increasing species diversity and habitat connectivity. Unfortunately, the presence of such habitats adjacent to produce fields may increase risk for contamination of fruits and vegetables by enteric bacteria, including Escherichia coli. E. coli survives in extrahost environments (e.g., soil) and could be...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
Inoculation studies are important when assessing microbial survival and growth in food products. These studies typically involve the pregrowth of multiple strains of a target pathogen under a single condition; this emphasizes strain diversity. To gain a better understanding of the impacts of strain diversity ("nature") and pregrowth conditions ("nurture") on subsequent bacterial growth in foods,...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
Little is known about the drivers of critically important antibacterial resistance in species with zoonotic potential present on farms (e.g., CTX-M β-lactamase-positive Escherichia coli). We collected samples monthly between January 2017 and December 2018 on 53 dairy farms in South West England, along with data for 610 variables concerning antibacterial usage, management practices, and...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 04:02
In this study, to investigate the pathogenic characteristics of the isolates, the pathogenic gene ( tdh gene) was identified, and adherence and cytotoxicity assays were performed. Furthermore, genome sequences of the seafood isolates were analyzed using the Illumina Hi-seq 2500 platform. The isolated strains were then mapped by comparing the genomes to the reference genome, and variations in the...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 04:02
Foods of animal origin, such as poultry, eggs, and pork, are recognized sources of infection with Salmonella , but determining the proportion of foodborne infections resulting from different food sources has been challenging. In the current study, 141 Salmonella strains isolated from poultry products (n=1322) purchased over a period of one year from retail stores across Seattle, Washington, were...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 04:02
The number of farmers markets registered by the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has seen a significant increase, jumping from 1,755 in 1994 to 8,771 in 2019. Microbial studies have found evidence that produce sold at farmers can yield higher microbial counts than their retail counterparts; however, no previous literature explored the efficacy of microbial (bacteria and virus) persistence...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 00:00
A cross-sectional study was used to identify and assess prevalence and phenotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles of Escherichia coli and other enterobacteria isolated from healthy wildlife and livestock cohabiting at a 10,000 acres game ranch near Lusaka, Zambia. Purposive sampling was used to select wildlife and livestock based on similarities in behavior, grazing habits and close...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance (AR) phenotypes and acquired resistance determinants (ARDs) detected by in silico analysis of genome sequences were examined in 55 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates representing diverse serotypes recovered from surfaces waters and sediments in a mixed use urban/agricultural landscape in British Columbia, Canada. The isolates displayed decreased...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 16:00
Of the seven currently known botulinum neurotoxin-producing species of Clostridium, C. parabotulinum, or C. botulinum Group I, is the species associated with the majority of human botulism cases worldwide. Phylogenetic analysis of these bacteria reveals a diverse species with multiple genomic clades. The neurotoxins they produce are also diverse, with over 20 subtypes currently represented. The...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 16:00
Vibrio vulnificus is a deadly human pathogen for which infections occur via seafood consumption (foodborne) or direct contact with wounds. Virulence is not fully characterized for this organism; however, there is evidence of biochemical and genotypic correlations with virulence potential. In this study, biochemical profiles and virulence genotype, based on 16S rRNA gene (rrn) and virulence...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 16:00
The serotyping of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which is crucial to the surveillance and detection of outbreaks of vibriosis infection, has been widely used in many countries. In this study, we developed a molecular assay, named multiplex ligation reaction based on probe melting curve analysis (MLMA), for simultaneous identification of V. parahaemolyticus 57 K-serogroups. Based on the previous genomes...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 16:00
Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) leading to tuberculosis (TB) disease continues to be a major global health challenge. Critical barriers, including but not limited to the development of multi-drug resistance, lack of diagnostic assays that detect patients with latent TB, an effective vaccine that prevents Mtb infection, and infectious and non-infectious comorbidities that...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 16:00
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. Domestic ruminants are the primary source for human infection, and the identification of likely contamination routes from the reservoir animals the critical point to implement control programs. This study shows that Q fever is detected in Belgium in abortion of cattle, goat and sheep at a different degree of apparent...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 08:02
by Iyll-Joon Doh, Huisung Kim, Jennifer Sturgis, Bartek Rajwa, J. Paul Robinson, Euiwon Bae A single instrument that includes multiple optical channels was developed to simultaneously measure various optical and associated biophysical characteristics of a bacterial colony. The multi-channel device can provide five distinct optical features without the need to transfer the sample to multiple...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 08:02
by Alexis Nzila, Musa M. Musa, Saravanan Sankara, Marwan Al-Momani, Lei Xiang, Qing X. Li The exploitation of petroleum oil generates a considerable amount of “produced water or petroleum waste effluent (PWE)” that is contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). PWE is characterised by its high salinity, which can be as high as 30% NaCl, thus the...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Susana Castro-Seriche, Alonso Jerez-Morales, Carlos T. Smith, Kimberly Sánchez-Alonzo, Apolinaria García-Cancino Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogen causing serious or mortal infections in human risk populations. Its infectivity is in part due to its ability to infect diverse eukaryotic cells. Since several bacteria can enter into yeast cells, including Candida albicans, the aims of...
Fri, 02/26/2021 - 00:00
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common mastitis-related pathogen in dairy cattle, goats, and sheep worldwide. However, the population structure and genomic characteristics of mastitis-associated S. aureus in small ruminants are limited. Furthermore, the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics involved in the pathogenicity of S. aureus have been thoroughly defined, yet their association with...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) is a well-known kind of oligosaccharide and extensively applied as a prebiotic. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of XOS supplementation substituting chlortetracycline (CTC) on growth, gut morphology, gut microbiota, and hindgut short chain fatty acid (SCFA) contents of weaning piglets. A total of 180 weaned piglets were randomly allocated to...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
IntroductionCommensal and pathogenic strains of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli and non-typhoid strains of Salmonella represent a growing foodborne threat from foods of poultry origin. MDR strains of Salmonella Infantis and E. coli are frequently isolated from broiler chicks and the simultaneous presence of these two enteric bacterial species would potentially allow the exchange of...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Genes annotated as ygfE and yiiU in the genome of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium encode proteins homologous to Escherichia coli cell division factors ZapA and ZapB, respectively. ZapA− and ZapB− mutants of S. enterica are bile-sensitive. The amount of zapB mRNA increases in the presence of a sublethal concentration of sodium deoxycholate (DOC) while zapA mRNA remains unaffected....
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Midgut microbiota can participate in the detoxification and metabolism processes in insects, but there are few reports on the relationship between midgut microbiota and insecticide resistance in mosquitoes. In this study, we performed metagenomic sequencing on a susceptible strain (SS), a field-collected Hainan strain (HN), and a deltamethrin-resistant strain (RR) of Culex pipiens...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Shiga toxin (Stx), encoded by stx genes located in prophage sequences, is the major agent responsible for the pathogenicity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and is closely associated with the development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Although numerous Stx prophage sequences have been reported as part of STEC bacterial genomes, the information about the genomic...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Listeria monocytogenes is the etiologic agent of listeriosis, which remains a significant public health concern in many countries due to its high case-fatality rate. The constant risk of L. monocytogenes transmission to consumers remains a central challenge in the food production industry. At present, there is very little known about L. monocytogenes contamination in ready-to-eat (RTE) processing...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio parahaemolyticus are common diarrheal pathogens of great public health concern. A multiplex TaqMan-based real-time PCR assay was developed on the BD MAX platform; this assay can simultaneously detect and differentiate V. cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus directly from human fecal specimens. The assay includes two reactions. One reaction, BDM-VC, targets the gene ompW,...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Salmonella spp. is among the main foodborne pathogens which cause serious foodborne diseases. An isothermal real-time recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and lateral flow strip detection (LFS RPA) were used to detect Salmonella spp. targeting the conserved sequence of invasion protein A (invA). The Real-time RPA was performed in a portable florescence scanner at 39°C for 20 min. The LFS...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 10:04
ABSTRACT Neutrophils, the first line of defense against pathogens, are critical in the host response to acute and chronic infections. In Gram-negative pathogens, the bacterial outer membrane (OM) is a key mediator of pathogen detection; nonetheless, the effects of variations in its molecular structure on the neutrophil migratory response to bacteria remain largely unknown. Here, we developed a...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 10:04
Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Cannstatt harboring mcr-1.1, isolated from a fatal sepsis case. Genomic analysis revealed that the isolate was sequence type 2390 carrying mcr-1.1, blaCTX-M-14, aac(3)IId, aac(6')Iaa, floR, qnrS1, sul2, tetA, and tetM. Three Inc plasmids were observed, including the IncX4 plasmid containing mcr-1.1.
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 06:18
Author(s): Torrung Vetchapitak, Mohammad Shohel Rana, Satomi Sasaki, Takako Taniguchi, Susumu Sugiyama, Junichiro Soejima, Taradon Luangtongkum, Yuya Yamaguchi, Naoaki Misawa Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is an important cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide and chickens are considered to be a major reservoir of infection. Recently, a novel high-pressure pulsed jet spray (HPPJS) technique...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): Jinjin Jing, Ruoyu Zhang, Yunhai Wang, Shaojian Tang, Hanchao Yang, Lidong Du, Bingjie Lin, Lijun Shao, Fengxiang Zhang, Peng Xue Listeria monocytogenes widely exists in the natural environment and does great harm, which can cause worldwide public safety problem. Infection with L. monocytogenes can cause rapid death of Kupffer cell (KCs) in liver tissue and liver damage. American...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 00:00
(1) Colistin is a last-resort antibiotic used in treating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections. The growing emergence of colistin resistance in Escherichia coli (E. coli) represents a serious health threat, particularly to intensive care unit (ICU) patients. (2) Methods: In this work, we investigated the emergence of colistin resistance in 140 nosocomial E. coli isolated from patients...

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