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Research Publications (Food Safety)

This page tracks research articles published in national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. Research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies (requires login) and FDA Grant Funding Agencies (requires login) are also tracked in Scopus.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 6245

  1. Production of grains with ultra‐low heavy metal accumulation by pyramiding novel Alleles of OsNramp5 and OsLsi2 in two‐line hybrid rice

    • Plant Biotechnology Journal
    • Summary Ensuring rice yield and grain safety quality are vital for human health. In this study, we developed two‐line hybrid rice (TLHR) with ultra‐low grain cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) accumulation by pyramiding novel alleles of OsNramp5 and OsLsi2. We first generated low Cd accumulation restorer (R) lines by editing OsNramp5, OsLCD, and OsLCT in japonica and indica.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  2. Evidence of cadmium transport via the phloem in cacao seedlings

    • Plant and Soil
    • Background and aims It is unclear if cadmium (Cd) is loaded into cacao beans directly from the roots and stem or rather via reallocation from leaves and stem via the phloem.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  3. Assessment of Proximate Composition, Heavy Metal Concentration, and Human Health Risk Associated with Wheat Cultivated in Haryana and Madhya Pradesh, India

    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • This study investigated proximate composition and heavy metal concentration in wheat flour samples gathered from five districts of Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. The sample of Panchkula, Rohtak, Palwal, Dadri, Sirsa, Bhind, Neemuch, Bhopal, Khargone, and Anuppur are referred to as HR1, HR2, HR3, HR4, HR5, MP1, MP2, MP3, MP4, and MP5 respectively.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  4. Regulation of nutrient use efficiency: Boon to wheat cultivar under co-impact of drought and arsenic

    • Plant and Soil
    • Background and aims

      Measurement of Nutrient use efficiency (NUE) can be useful for evaluating crops under stressful conditions. The study aimed to elucidate the NUE regulation post-NP (Nitrogen and Phosphorus) supplementation under the combined effect of drought (D) and arsenic (As) stress in wheat seedlings.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  5. Determination of trace amounts of metobromuron herbicide residues in fruits by QuEChERS and DLLME methods

    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Food products have the potential to contain herbicide residues that may pose a threat to human health and the environment, and the determination of these residues at trace levels is extremely important. In this study, a rapid, simple, accurate and environmentally friendly DLLME-QuEChERS method was developed for the sensitive determination of metobromuron at trace levels in coconut-strawberry samples. Mass spectrometry coupled to gas chromatography was used to perform the analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Microbiological and chemical hazards in cultured meat and methods for their detection

    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Abstract Cultured meat, which involves growing meat in a laboratory rather than breeding animals, offers potential benefits in terms of sustainability, health, and animal welfare compared to conventional meat production. However, the cultured meat production process involves several stages, each with potential hazards requiring careful monitoring and control. Microbial contamination risks exist in the initial cell collection from source animals and the surrounding environment.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  7. Review on emerging applications of nanobiosensor in food safety

    • Journal of Food Science
    • Abstract Nanosensors have become an indispensable tool in the food sector due to their specificity and sensitivity. The biosensor consists of a transducer coupled with a biorecognition component to transform biological signal into digital signal. Nanobiosensors have been widely used for sensing toxic chemicals such as pesticide residues and pathogenic microbes owing to their accurate sensitivity in an affordable manner, which gives more hope to the food industry on their applications.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  8. BrMYB116 transcription factor enhances Cd stress tolerance by activating FIT3 in yeast and Chinese cabbage

    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Cd (cadmium) is a highly toxic heavy metal pollutant often present in soil and detrimentally impacting the production and quality of horticultural crops. Cd affects various physiological and biochemical processes in plants, including chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis, mineral uptake and accumulation, and hormonal imbalance, leading to cell death. The MYB family of transcription factors plays a significant role in plant response to environmental influences.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  9. A highly efficient molecularly imprinted fluorescence sensor for selective and sensitive detection of tetracycline antibiotic residues in pork

    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Tetracyclines (TCs) residues in animal-based foods may cause consumer poisoning or allergic reactions, as well as resistance of pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, a method to accurately monitor TCs is urgently needed. Here, a sensitive and greenificated molecularly imprinted fluorescent sensor (CDs@MIP) for detecting TCs residues using non-covalent imprinting binding method has been synthesized in a simple and safe manner.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  10. Microwave‐Assisted “One‐Pot” Acidolysis and Extraction for the Rapid Determination of Mancozeb in Fruit and Vegetable Samples

    • Journal of Food Quality
    • Mancozeb is an extensively consumed fungicide, which often leaves high residue levels on agricultural products. The conventional method for detecting mancozeb involves a time‐consuming process using gas chromatography (GC) after a 2‐hour water‐bath acidolysis, resulting in low efficiency and recovery rates. This study developed a rapid method for detecting mancozeb in fruits and vegetables using microwave‐assisted acidolysis and extraction coupled with GC analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. Histopathological Evaluation of the Curative Effects of EDTA on Lymnaea stagnalis Exposed to Subacute Cadmium

    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • We investigated the therapeutic effects of EDTA application for 14 and 28 days on cadmium (Cd) induced pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Linnaeus, 1758). The sublethal concentration of cadmium (63.4 mg/l Cd) caused tissue damages to the snail after an exposure for 28 days.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  12. Distribution of ivermectin residues in different Zebu cattle tissues and its stability in thermally processed canned meat

    • Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • Ivermectin (IVM) is one of the most widely used antiparasitic drugs worldwide and has become the drug of choice for anthelmintic and tick treatment in beef cattle production. Drugs used in production animals requires a withdrawal period after treatment to avoid residual concentrations above the defined maximun residue level (MRL).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  13. Rhizobium hidalgonense and Rhizobium redzepovicii as faba bean (Vicia faba L.) microsymbionts in Mexican soils

    • Archives of Microbiology
    • As a legume crop widely cultured in the world, faba bean (Vicia faba L.) forms root nodules with diverse Rhizobium species in different regions. However, the symbionts associated with this plant in Mexico have not been studied. To investigate the diversity and species/symbiovar affiliations of rhizobia associated with faba bean in Mexico, rhizobia were isolated from this plant grown in two Mexican sites in the present study.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  14. Determination of pesticide residues in oat flour using low-temperature partition extraction and GC–MS analysis

    • Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • A simple method based on solid–liquid extraction with a low-temperature partition (SLE/LTP) and analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC–MS) was optimized and validated for determining residues of the pesticides triadimenol, flutriafol, λ-cyhalothrin, difenoconazole, and azoxystrobin in oat flour. A factorial design was employed to optimize the technique and establish the best conditions for the simultaneous extraction of the analytes.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  15. Entomopathogenic fungi in crops protection with an emphasis on bioactive metabolites and biological activities

    • World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • Abstract

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  16. Effectiveness of nanomaterials and their counterparts in improving rice growth and yield under arsenic contamination

    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Arsenic (As) pollution in rice (Oryza sativa L.), a staple food for over 3.5 billion people, is a global problem. Mixed effects of Zn, Cu, and Si amendments on plant growth and yield, including in the presence of As pollution have been reported in previous studies.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  17. Pesticide Residues and Associated Public Health Risks in Vegetables from Irrigated Farms Adjacent to Rift Valley Lake Ziway, Ethiopia

    • Journal of Food Quality
    • The overuse of pesticides has resulted in the accumulation of harmful residues in vegetables, which requires monitoring to assess the risks to human health. This article presents the levels of 35 pesticide residues in 15 composite vegetable samples from irrigated farmlands adjacent to Lake Ziway, Ethiopia, using the QuEChERS extraction method (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) and then analyzes them using GC‐MS.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  18. Determination of 60 Food‐Borne Stimulant Drug Residues in Animal‐Derived Foods by Solid‐Phase Extraction Purification and Ultra‐High‐Performance Liquid Chromatography‐Quadrupole/Orbitrap High‐Resolution Mass Spectrometry

    • Journal of Food Quality
    • A method for the rapid screening and confirmation of 60 food‐borne stimulants in animal‐derived foods was developed using the ultra‐high‐performance liquid chromatography‐quadrupole/orbitrap high‐resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC‐Q/Orbitrap HRMS). After enzymatic hydrolysis at 37°C for 16 h, the samples were extracted with acetonitrile solution. The extraction solution was purified by PRiME HLB pass‐through solid‐phase extraction cartridge and redissolved by nitrogen blowing.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  19. Antifungal activity of Cinnamomum camphora essential oil against Fusarium oxysporum and its application on postharvest blueberry fruits preservation

    • International Journal of Food Science & Technology
    • This study demonstrates that Cinnamomum camphora essential oil (CEO) effectively inhibits Fusarium oxysporum‐induced decay in postharvest blueberries by disrupting fungal cell membrane integrity and enhancing blueberry defence mechanisms. The findings suggest that CEO, as an eco‐friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides, can mitigate primary fungal invasion and improve blueberry preservation during postharvest storage.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  20. Impact of Soil Fertilization with Pig Slurry on Antibiotic Residues and Resistance Genes: A Longitudinal Study

    • Antibiotics
    • The impact of soil fertilization with animal manure on the spread and persistence of antibiotic resistance in the environment is far from being fully understood. To add knowledge about persistence and correlations between antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in fertilized soil, a longitudinal soil mesocosm study was conducted.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  21. Multiclass method for detecting 41 antibiotic residues in bovine liver, muscle, and milk using LC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS

    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • This study developed and validated an analytical method for the simultaneous identification and quantification of 41 veterinary antibiotic drugs from 9 different classes, including sulfonamides, quinolones, tetracyclines, penicillins, macrolides, nitroimidazoles, cephalosporins, diaminopyrimidines, and amphenicol, in animal-derived food products.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  22. Central Roles of ZmNAC128 and ZmNAC130 in Nutrient Uptake and Storage during Maize Grain Filling

    • Genes
    • Grain filling is critical for determining yield and quality, raising the question of whether central coordinators exist to facilitate the uptake and storage of various substances from maternal to filial tissues. The duplicate NAC transcription factors ZmNAC128 and ZmNAC130 could potentially serve as central coordinators.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  23. Innovation and adaptation: The rise of a fentanyl smoking culture in San Francisco

    • PLOS ONE
    • by Daniel Ciccarone, Nicole Holm, Jeff Ondocsin, Allison Schlosser, Jason Fessel, Amanda Cowan, Sarah G. Mars

      Background

      Illicitly manufactured fentanyls and stimulants are implicated in the escalating US mortality from drug overdose. San Francisco, California (SF) has seen declining fentanyl injection while smoking has increased. Beliefs and behaviors surrounding this development are not well understood.

      Methods

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  24. Tobacco rattle virus-based virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) as an aid for functional genomics in Saffron (Crocus sativus L.)

    • Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
    • Several limitations in genetic engineering interventions in saffron exist, hindering the development of genetically modified varieties and the widespread application of genetic engineering in this crop. Lack of genome sequence information, the complexity of genetic makeup, and lack of well-established genetic transformation protocols limit its in planta functional validation of genes that would eventually lead toward crop optimization.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  25. Development of a chemiluminescence detection technique for malachite green

    • Journal of Food Safety
    • This study established a CLIA for trace detection of MG, and this is the first time that automated detection of MG residues has been achieved by combining POCT with CLIA. Abstract Malachite green (MG), a triphenylmethane dye is often used as a fungicide and preservative in fisheries due to its effectiveness against water molds in fish and fish eggs. However, excessive inhalation can be hazardous to human health.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues