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Manuscript Collections Search

Special Collections at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Library houses manuscripts and archival records documenting the history of agriculture and the USDA from the 19th through the 21st centuries. These collections include correspondence, field notes, journals, photographs, publications, posters, and other items of individuals who worked for or were associated with the USDA, individuals involved in non-USDA agricultural activities, and organizations related to agriculture. For more information or to schedule a visit, please contact Special Collections.


Displaying 51 - 75 of 469 Collections

Edwin Dun Manuscript

The Edwin Dun Manuscript [ca. 1919] (136 pages) is titled "Reminiscences of Nearly Half a Century in Japan." Dun wrote about life on the farm in central Ohio, where he grew up, and the events that led to his journey to Japan. He described his life in Japan, the people he met, historic events, and natural disasters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Edwin Dun (1848-1931) went to Japan in the 1870s as an agricultural expert, whose chief knowledge was in the area of raising sheep and cattle, and served as U.S. minister to Japan.
Collection Number: 52
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: Agricultural History; Animal Science; Farms and Farming Systems
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Everett Eugene Edwards Papers

The Everett Eugene Edwards Papers include his writings, speeches, bibliographies, administrative information related to his position at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), materials for courses he taught, and historical materials that he may have used for research.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Everett Eugene Edwards (1900-1952) was an agricultural economist and historian in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research from 1927-1952. He was the editor of Agricultural History from 1931-1952. Edwards made notable contributions to agricultural history through his work as an author, editor, bibliographer, and critic.
Collection Number: 53
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 9
Subjects: Agricultural History; Economics; USDA History
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Gene Eisenbeiss Papers

The Gene Eisenbeiss Papers include administrative files such as correspondence regarding registration of cultivar names, location of cultivars for purchase, and information requested about the Ilex genus (holly and its relatives). There are also miscellaneous publications and literature on plants as well as engraving blocks of holly used for publications and given to Eisenbeiss by Harry William Dengler, Extension Service, USDA, at the University of Maryland.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Gene Eisenbeiss (1926-1997), a horticulturist, was employed by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for more than 30 years, 26 of which he spent at the U.S. National Arboretum. He was the international registrar of cultivated Ilex (holly) for more than 20 years. He was involved with the publication of authoritative and comprehensive cultivar checklists (with more than 200 publications on hollies), and was responsible for the introduction of at least 14 cultivars.
Collection Number: 54
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1974-96
Linear Feet: 13.75
Subjects: Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Jared Eliot Letters

The Jared Eliot Letters are photostat copies of letters [1747-1769?] from the original in the Yale University Library. Thirty-nine letters about farming to Eliot (1685-1763) including correspondence from John Bartram, Peter Collinson, Thomas Fitch, Benjamin Franklin, R. Jackson, William Logan, James Monk, Peter Oliver, W. Robinson, Benjamin Stiles, and Robert Walker.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In 1706, Eliot graduated from Yale College, then called the “Collegiate School” of Connecticut. Eminent physician and minister, Eliot also became an internationally respected scientist. He studied ways to improve farming methods and wrote agricultural essays. He discovered that the black sand found on Connecticut beaches contained iron ore, which could be smelted to produce iron. In 1762, he published an essay on making of iron from the black sand and was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Society of London. Included in his will was a bequest to Yale College, which became its first endowed book fund.
Collection Number: 55
Earliest Date: 1747
Latest Date: 1769
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: Agricultural History; Farms and Farming Systems
Digitization Status: None

Elsie Carper Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H

The Elsie Carper Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H contains materials relating to early extension work, largely saved by Extension specialists and program leaders over Carper's many years of employment as a clerk at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Subject areas include Cooperative Extension history, early history of Extension home economics, Extension Homemaker's Organization, early history of the National Association of Extension Home Economists, and 4-H materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
The National Association of Extension Home Economists (NAEHE) began in 1934 as the Home Demonstration Agents’ National Association. The mission of this organization was "to promote the interest of home demonstration work." NAEHE also had a goal of helping to improve the skills of its members in the areas of home economics and adult education. In 1965, members of the National Negro Home Demonstration Agents Association (NNHDAA) merged into the NAEHE. The NNHDAA had been founded seven years earlier, and specifically focused on home economics in the African-American community. In 1995, the NAEHE once again changed its name, this time to the National Extension Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. This change came about because of the evolutionary shift of the profession to family and consumer science.
Collection Number: 56
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 8.75
Subjects: Agricultural Organizations; Animal Science; Economics; Human Nutrition
Formats: Photographs; Posters
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Leon Moyer Estabrook Manuscript

The Leon Moyer Estabrook Manuscript is an unbound typescript titled “Life of One American; Memoirs of Leon M. Estabrook.” It contains Estabrook’s account of his life and work as statistician and chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Statistics and Crop Estimation. The typescript includes descriptions of the work done in early years of the Bureau of Plant Industry and of USDA scientists such as B. T. Galloway and Walter Swingle. There is information relating to crop reporting, and some observations on agricultural conditions during Estabrook's travel abroad. He also provided information about USDA buildings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In 1905, Leon Moyer Estabrook (1869-1937) organized and became the first Chief of the Office of Records, which centralized the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Plant Industry’s accounting systems. He became the Chief of the Office of Seed Distribution in 1909, then Chief Clerk of USDA. In 1913, Estabrook became Chief of the Bureau of Statistics (changed to Bureau of Crop Estimates in 1914). He represented USDA at the General Assembly meeting of the International Institute of Agriculture in Rome in 1920. Estabrook became Associate Chief of the new Bureau of Agricultural Economics in 1921. From 1925 to 1929, he traveled all over the world collecting data and writing reports for the first World Census of Agriculture (1930), for which he was highly commended. In 1930, he organized the first Inter-American Conference of Agriculture. In 1931, Estabrook retired.
Collection Number: 57
Earliest Date: 1869
Latest Date: 1937
Linear Feet: 3.5
Subjects: Economics; Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Frank L. Evans Manuscript

The Frank L. Evans Manuscript [ca. 1906] is titled "Reminiscences Covering Personal Characteristics of Several Executive Heads of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1871-1906." Though containing neither table of contents nor index, Evans’s manuscript is divided into three sections. In the first portion, he lists and describes the Commissioners/Secretaries of Agriculture under whom he served and his opinion of each of them. The executives covered are Frederick Watts, 1871-1877; William LeDuc, 1877-1881; George Loring, 1881-1885; Norman Colman, 1885-1889; Jeremiah Rusk, 1889-1893; J. Sterling Morton, 1893-1897; and James Wilson, 1897-1913. The manuscript also includes William Saunders, who served as horticulturist and superintendent of the grounds from 1862-1900, and whom Evans considered a remarkable individual and unsung hero. The second portion of the manuscript describes the occasion of Evans’s retirement. The third and final portion details Evans’s career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the inner workings of the department.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In 1875, Frank L. Evans was hired by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to work in the mailing room of the Seed Division; within a few months, he was promoted to the Statistical Division. In 1890, Evans was appointed cashier. In 1893, he was appointed disbursing officer and chief, Division of Accounts, a position which he held until his resignation in 1906.
Collection Number: 58
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1906
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: Economics; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

USDA Crop Fiber Research Collection

The USDA Crop Fiber Research Collection contains documents relating to more than 300 genera of plants used for fiber. The materials cover the subject of natural plant fiber crops other than cotton and include information on cordage, textiles, and miscellaneous fibers as well as the products made from them. There are reprints and photocopies of fiber articles with an extensive card index, manuscripts, foreign and domestic publications, promotional brochures, reports, newspaper clippings, glass and acetate negatives, slides, black and white photographs, and fiber specimens.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In the early 1900s, Lyster H. Dewey, U.S. Department of Agriculture botanist in charge of fiber plant investigations, created the collection. The collection was begun in the early 1900s by Lyster H. Dewey and was called the "Dewey Index." A separate set of reference materials, mainly on hard or cordage fibers, was started when Harry Edwards took over the hard fiber work in 1915. After he retired, all references were filed in the Dewey Index as they came in. The Dewey Index grew unchanged to thousands of index cards and thousands of indexed publications and reprints. Fiber specialists researched, traveled, and observed commercial production of fiber and research projects around the world. When research work began at Arlington Farms, fiber plants were included and research gradually became a greater part of the activity. Later, cooperative research was expanded to other parts of the United States, especially in Michigan, Wisconsin, Oregon, California, Florida, and Maryland, but was not limited to those states. In 1943, the fiber office was moved from the Administration Building in Washington, D.C., to Beltsville in Buildings 003 and 001 where it continued (in 001) until moved to the National Agricultural Library in 1984. In 1965, the research on plant fibers other than cotton was discontinued and the employees on fiber research were transferred to other work. However, the reference material was kept partially current by those interested in the project and who were assigned elsewhere. In 1970, a former employee (Nelson) retired and came back as a volunteer to review literature, make index cards, and accumulate reference material.
Collection Number: 59
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 189
Subjects: Plant Science; USDA History
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), Veterinary Services

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) cover animal inspection and quarantine memoranda, procedures, forms, letters, and reports. Topics include export livestock; domestics, ruminants, and swine; organisms and vectors; restricted meat; restricted byproducts; and virus-serum control. There are materials related to the Animal Quarantine Station in Clifton, New York, 1949. Additionally, there are records on the Foreign Animal Diseases Advisory Committee, 1974; the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Industry Advisory Committee on Foot-and-Mouth Disease, 1947-1972; and files of court case involving George C. Bump and his failure to permit the depopulation of his poultry flock exposed to Exotic Newcastle Disease.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
The goals of the Veterinary Services (VS) program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are to properly manage cases of animal disease, and to advocate methods for maintaining healthy and productive animals. VS began as the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), which was established under the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1884. The BAI set out to deal with livestock problems, most notably diseases. The bureau established several divisions, including those for dairy, animal husbandry, inspection, and quarantine. The organization of the BAI remained virtually unchanged for almost 70 years (the exception being its grouping with other bureaus under the Agricultural Research Administration from 1942-1953). In 1953 the BAI was abolished. Its functions were assigned to various branches of the new Agricultural Research Service, mostly to Animal Disease Eradication and Animal Inspection and Quarantine. These two branches merged in 1970 to form Veterinary Services, ARS. VS was transferred to APHIS in 1972, and remained when APHIS was reorganized and superceded by an organization of the same name. Throughout its history, Veterinary Services has eradicated several diseases from the United States, including foot-and-mouth disease, cattle fever ticks, screwworms, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, exotic Newcastle disease, and hog cholera.
Collection Number: 60
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 1974
Bulk Dates: 1960-69
Linear Feet: 1.25
Subjects: Animal Science; Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference

The Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference contains correspondence, programs, constitutions, and notes from the initial meetings of the Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference from 1946-1949. Includes letters from the Assistant Director and Director of the USDA Production and Marketing Administration Dairy Branch regarding attending the meeting.
Collection Number: 61
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1946
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: Animal Science

M. Truman Fossum Floriculture Collection

The M. Truman Fossum Floriculture Collection contains papers relating to all of Fossum’s endeavors, including business and personal correspondence as well as reports and publications related to the fields of marketing, horticulture, and the floriculture industry in the United States and abroad.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In his career, Fossum (1912-1991) served as assistant professor of horticulture at the University of Maryland, director of Research and Member Services for the Society of American Florists, consultant for the Bureau of Census, agricultural economist and consultant for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and economic analyst for Florists’ Transworld Delivery Association (FTD). On behalf of the floral industry, Fossum campaigned for unbiased, third-party statistical information services for the industry, which led to the establishment of the Horticultural Specialties Census. He initiated benchmark economic studies and services relating to the floral industry, and he led the cooperative effort with the USDA for the development of market-news-reporting on ornamental crops.
Collection Number: 62
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 195.25
Subjects: Economics; Plant Science
Digitization Status: None

Clifford M. Foust Collection

The Clifford M. Foust Collection includes a card catalog; contact cards; photocopies of articles; correspondence; articles written by Foust; notes for his book entitled Rhubarb: The Wondrous Drug (Princeton University Press, 1992); recipes; and personal files on rhubarb.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
A professor of history at the University of Maryland, Clifford M. Foust maintained a rhubarb collection.
Collection Number: 63
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 14
Subjects: Plant Science

Julien N. Friant Papers

The Julien N. Friant Papers include correspondence with many U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) officials such as Henry A. Wallace (1933-1939), Paul Appleby (1933-1938), Chester Davis (1933-1937), and Rex Tugwell (1933-1935). There is also substantial correspondence with James Farley (1933-1937) and others. The material spans activities related to personnel work of the USDA, the Roosevelt administration, the Democratic Party, and congressional relations.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Julien Friant (1888-1939) served as a special assistant to Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace (1933-1939). A Democrat and leader in the fight for national assistance to farmers, Friant was instrumental in developing a successful program of patronage within the USDA. His duties involved the review and recommendation of thousands of qualified applicants for jobs under the New Deal.
Collection Number: 64
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 14
Subjects: USDA History

USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records

The USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records contain black and white photographs, acetate and glass negatives, glass slides, drawings, note cards, project reports, research records, and correspondence related to small fruits and nuts from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Fruit Laboratory. Examples of topics include experimental fruits, varieties, plant anatomy, breeding, crossing, diseases, insects, irrigation, handling, pruning, harvesting, and marketing. Many photographs were taken in Beltsville and Glenn Dale, Maryland. A subset of this collection is a group of 350 images depicting grapevine plants and grounds of the USDA Oakville, California Experimental Winery. This land is now the property of the University of California. Additional photographs exist of other grapevine research done by USDA in various parts of the country. These materials complement the USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Wine Research Collection (Collection 288) housed in Special Collections, National Agricultural Library.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
In 1913 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Plant Industry combined the functions of its Offices of Horticultural Investigations, Pomological Investigations, and Field Investigations in Pomology, and named the new unit the Office of Horticultural and Pomological Investigations. This office did research in the areas of breeding, growing, physiology, pathology, and disease, with a specific focus on crops. The office changed its name to the Office of Horticulture in 1926, and then merged with several other offices in 1928 to form the Office of Horticultural Crops and Diseases (later the Division of Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases). In 1951, the division was split into the Division of Fruit and Nut Crops and Diseases; and the Division of Vegetable Crops and Diseases, both coming under the Horticultural Crops Group. In the USDA reorganization in 1953, the Horticultural Crops Group became the Horticultural Crops Research Branch.
Collection Number: 65
Earliest Date: 1892
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1902-49
Linear Feet: 51.25
Subjects: Economics; Plant Science; USDA History
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Beverly Thomas Galloway Papers

The Beverly Thomas Galloway Papers consist of biographical information, correspondence, speeches, memoranda, notebooks, photographs, scrapbooks, and published and unpublished articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Beverly Thomas Galloway (1863-1938) was appointed as plant pathologist in 1887 for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The following year he became Chief of the Division of Vegetable Physiology and Pathology. In 1900, he became chief of the Division of Gardens and Grounds, was the leader in planning the consolidation of several divisions into what soon became the Bureau of Plant Industry, and moved into position of Chief of this new bureau. For two years (1913-1914), he served as Assistant Secretary of Agriculture and later returned to research work, particularly investigations of the pathological aspects.
Collection Number: 66
Earliest Date: 1891
Latest Date: 1933
Linear Feet: 7.75
Subjects: Plant Science; USDA History
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Arthur Francis Gannon Papers

The Arthur Francis Gannon Papers include correspondence and articles relating to his poultry projects.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Gannon (b. 1896) was the poultry project leader at the University of Georgia, Agricultural Extension Service. In 1958, Gannon was the recipient of the Pfizer Extension Award (prior to 1958 called the Poultry Service Extension Teaching Award).
Collection Number: 67
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 1958
Linear Feet: 0.5
Subjects: Poultry

Glendora Products Company Can Label Collection

The Glendora Products Company Can Label Collection contains mint-condition labels of various products from the company's warehouse and also includes patent and trademark documents and correspondence relating to them.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
The Glendora Products Company engaged in packing fruits and vegetables. Labels were removed from the Glendora warehouse vault in Warren, Pennsylvania.
Collection Number: 68
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1956
Linear Feet: 4
Subjects: Agricultural History; Economics; Human Nutrition
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Alexander Gordeuk Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers

The Alexander Gordeuk Papers contain items relating to the U.S. Branch of the World Poultry Science Association and its participation in World’s Poultry Congresses held in Mexico in 1958, in the Soviet Union in 1966, and in Spain in 1970. The papers include records and minutes; photographs, negatives and color slides; and numerous publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Alexander Gordeuk of Rahway, New Jersey, was a member of U.S. Participation Committee, World’s Poultry Congress.
Collection Number: 69
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 9.5
Subjects: Agricultural Organizations; Poultry
Formats: Photographs

Eldon C. Beagle Papers

The Eldon C. Beagle Papers are composed of correspondence; government and United Nations publications; bibliographies on rice hull and furfural research, articles, studies, research papers and personal journals. Some records relate to international projects in the Philippines, India, Egypt, Thailand, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Australia, and Japan.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Eldon Beagle (b. 1923) was a consultant to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Food and Agricultural Industries Service, the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States/United Nations, the UN Industrial Development Organization, and the U.S. Agency for International Development from 1970-1982. Beagle’s agricultural expertise centered on rice and rice hulls (with a few references to straw and almonds); post-harvest processing, milling, and utilization; marketing-distribution of agricultural by-products; biomass energy; and conversion technologies, processes and equipment.
Collection Number: 70
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1960's - early1980's
Linear Feet: 56.25
Subjects: Human Nutrition; Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

George Weidman Groff Manuscript

The George Weidman Groff Manuscript is a three-volume typewritten manuscript [ca. 1949] of notes and photographs by George Weidman Groff on an expedition to Cochin, China, and Siam (now Thailand) during May and June 1920, in search of canker-resistant citrus fruits.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Horticulturist George Weidman Groff (1884-1954) was director and professor of agriculture at Canton Christian College in Canton, China. He served as a part-time field assistant for the USDA Office of Crop Physiology and Breeding Investigations from 1918-1920. He and Otto August Reinking (b. 1890) initiated a plant expedition to China to search for canker-resistant citrus fruits. While abroad during the course of his career, Groff studied plant life in South China, Indo-China, Thailand, the Philippines, and Malaya. Groff was responsible for the development of certain citrus fruits, including improvement and introduction of papaya, lychee, eucalyptus robusta, the Siam banana, other sub-tropical fruits, and some ornamentals. He was largely responsible for gathering the largest collection of bamboo in Southeast Asia. Groff successfully imported some good livestock breeders from the U.S. and improved the local livestock quality.
Collection Number: 71
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1920
Linear Feet: 0.5
Subjects: Plant Exploration
Digitization Status: None

James M. Gwin Poultry Collection

The James M. Gwin Poultry Collection is recognized as one of the world’s most nearly complete poultry information resources and contains approximately 50,000 items. It consists primarily of business correspondence pertaining to several poultry associations, catalogs of poultry manufacturing firms, documents about early breeders in the poultry industry, egg and poultry legislation, papers on meetings for different states of the United States, and several other miscellaneous clippings of publications related to the egg and poultry industry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
An educator, administrator, promoter, and literature collector in the field of poultry, James M. Gwin (1906-1993) worked in the poultry industry in the following capacities: military procurement officer in World War II; regulatory official in grading and inspection; professor of poultry husbandry; director of extension at the University of Maryland; marketing manager for a major feed supplier; general manager of the Poultry and Egg National Board; and professor of marketing at the University of Illinois, Edwardsville. A charter member of the American Poultry Historical Society, Gwin served as president from 1960-1962. In 1977, he was elected to the American Poultry Hall of Fame.
Collection Number: 72
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 90.25
Subjects: Poultry
Formats: Posters
Digitization Status: None

Oscar August Hanke Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers

The Oscar August Hanke Papers relate to Hanke’s work with the Watt Publishing Company and include files of the American Farm Bureau Federation, the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation, the American Poultry Historical Society, the International Baby Chick Association, the Poultry and Egg National Board, and the United Egg Producers. There are also materials related to research conducted for the publication of American Poultry History, 1823-1973, which Hanke edited.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Oscar August Hanke (1902-1989) was author, editor, and editorial director of the Watt Publishing company for 41 years (1926-1967). He was a member of the organizing committee for the National Turkey Federation and the Poulty and Egg National Board. In 1971, he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Collection Number: 73
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 2
Subjects: Agricultural Organizations; Poultry
Digitization Status: None

Entomology Lantern Slide Collection

Entomology Lantern Slide Collection consists of glass positives of insects, a lantern slide projector, and unknown equipment.
Collection Number: 74
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1939
Linear Feet: 17
Subjects: Entomology
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Thomas Swann Harding Manuscripts

The Thomas Swann Harding Manuscripts include three typewritten documents: "110 Years of Federal Aid to Agriculture," 1949; "Our First World War Secretary of Agriculture," 1943; and "The Scientific Achievements of the U.S. Department of Agriculture," 1943.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Thomas Swann Harding (b. 1890) was a chemist, editor, and writer for USDA for more than 37 years. He received a bachelor of science degree in agricultural chemistry at the Maryland Agricultural College in 1910. After a short period of employment in chemical research work at the Maryland Experiment Station and Agricultural College, he began research on the preparation of rare sugars and carbohydrates for the USDA Bureau of Chemistry in 1910. In 1918 he joined a pharmaceutical firm (Digestive Ferments Company), but returned to work on dairy cattle nutrition experiments in the laboratories of the Dairy Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry in 1922. Six years later, he became editor of scientific publications, Office of Information, and shortly thereafter assumed charge of the employee news bulletin. His interest in the history and growth of USDA led to numerous articles and publications about USDA. He retired in 1951.
Collection Number: 75
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Charles Brunk Heinemann Manuscript

The Charles Brunk Heinemann Manuscript, a typewritten carbon copy of the manuscript "American Live Stock Markets and Marketing," is about the evolution and development of the system of livestock marketing in the United States and a brief history of certain of these markets.
Historical or Biographical Sketch
Born 1882 in Shelby County, Illinois, C. B. Heinemann (1882-1955) was one of the founders of NIMPA (National Independent Meat Packers Association. Following the founding of NIMPA, Heinemann served as secretary, then as executive vice president and assistant treasurer. In 1948, he was elected president, an office he held untile 1953. He died in 1953 in Hollywood, Florida.
Collection Number: 76
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1938
Linear Feet: 0.25
Subjects: Animal Science; Economics
Digitization Status: None