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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018 Source: Author(s): Yasaman Safarpour, Bahman Jabbari This review evaluates the existing level of evidence for efficacy of BoNTs in different pain syndromes using the recommended efficacy criteria from the Assessment and Therapeutic Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. There is a level A evidence (effective) for BoNT therapy...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018 Source: Author(s): Elina Zakin, David Simpson Botulinum toxin (BoNT) is a neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum that has become widely used for various neurologic indications. The four toxin formulations currently available for use in the United States (approved by the Food and Drug Administration) are...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018 Source: Author(s): Cynthia L. Comella Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is an isolated focal dystonia that affects the muscles of the jaw, lower face and tongue. It is a rare disorder but is associated with significant impairment in quality of life. Treatment with oral medications has not been successful. Surgical interventions, such as deep...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018 Source: Author(s): Benjamin Kövesi, Csilla Pelyhe, Erika Zándoki, Miklós Mézes, Krisztián Balogh Lipid peroxidation, glutathione content, glutathione peroxidase activity and gene expression of transcription factors, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione synthetase and glutathione reductase was investigated in common carp liver. Short...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: 1 March 2018 Source:, Volume 143 Author(s): David S. Sergeevichev, Anna A. Krasilnikova, Artem G. Strelnikov, Vladislav V. Fomenko, Nariman F. Salakhutdinov, Alexander B. Romanov, Alexander M. Karaskov, Evgeny A. Pokushalov, Jonathan S. Steinberg Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is used for an increasing number of neurological and non-neurological indications...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 08:01
Publication date: 15 March 2018 Source:, Volume 144 Author(s): Fraser E. Houston, Brian A. Hain, Stephen L. Dodd Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) is used as a therapeutic tool to induce chemical denervation of spastically contracted muscles, yet the neurotoxin can also cause skeletal muscle atrophy. The underlying proteolytic mechanisms that induce this atrophy remain unclear. Our...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 06:05
Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the survival of coliphage MS2 as a surrogate for enteric viruses under different process conditions in the production of traditional ice cream. The results showed that heat treatment (73 °C, 10 min) decreased the recovery of coliphage MS2 to 1.33, 1.11, and 0.97 log10 (pfu/ml) in nonfrozen ice cream samples with 15%, 10%, and 5% fat,...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:30
Abstract The occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), ochratoxin A (OTA), and deoxynivalenol (DON) in human milk and their correlation to the lactating donors dietary habits from Southern Brazil were investigated. Milk samples were collected from 86 nursing mothers who were also interviewed through a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). The occurrence of AFM1, OTA, and DON in the human milk samples was...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Mohammad M. Obaidat, Alaa E. Bani Salman, Margaret A. Davis, Amira A. Roess ABSTRACT This study aimed to determine the major diseases, antimicrobial use, and resistance in commensal Escherichia coli in dairy cattle in Jordan. Forty-three (large, n = 21; small, n = 22) farms were surveyed. A validated questionnaire was...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): I.M. Ogunade, Y. Jiang, A.A. Pech Cervantes, D.H. Kim, A.S. Oliveira, D. Vyas, Z.G. Weinberg, K.C. Jeong, A.T. Adesogan ABSTRACT The first objective of this study was to examine effects of adding Escherichia coli O157:H7 with or without chemical or microbial additives on the bacterial diversity and composition of...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Jakeitha L. Sonnier, Jeffrey S. Karns, Jason E. Lombard, Christine A. Kopral, Bradd J. Haley, Seon-Woo Kim, Jo Ann S. Van Kessel ABSTRACT The dairy farm environment is a well-documented reservoir for zoonotic pathogens such as Salmonella enterica, Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes, and...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Eva Kuhn, Lisbeth Meunier-Goddik, Joy G. Waite-Cusic ABSTRACT The Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) mandates milk hauling sanitation and operational practices; however, the use of vague language (i.e., “as needed”) and gaps in processes lead to variability in industry practices. Our aim was to characterize industry milk...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Jingpeng Yang, Jing Wang, Kun Yang, Miaomiao Liu, Yiman Qi, Tingjing Zhang, Mingtao Fan, Xinyuan Wei ABSTRACT Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for human health and animal nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory activities of Se-enriched lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Sarah M. Kozak, Stephanie R.B. Brown, Yustyna Bobak, Dennis J. D'Amico ABSTRACT Dairy product recalls and dairy-related illnesses are often the result of contamination with Listeria monocytogenes, which can occur throughout the dairy production and supply chains. The use of antimicrobial compounds is one practical approach...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Qiuming Chen, Weiwei He, Xin Yan, Tao Zhang, Bo Jiang, Timo Stressler, Lutz Fischer, Wanmeng Mu ABSTRACT Lactose is a main by-product in the cheese industry. Many attempts have been made to convert the lactose to high value-added products, including epilactose. Epilactose is a valuable prebiotic and can be...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:04
Publication date: March 2018 , Volume 101, Issue 3 Author(s): Yingchun Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Siqi Hao, Qianhui Lu, Lanwei Zhang, Xue Han, Weihong Lu ABSTRACT Surface-layer associated proteins (SLAP) of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei M5-L and Lactobacillus casei Q8-L were examined to identify the functional basis for their protection within intestinal epithelial cells. The...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:03
Publication date: June 2018 Source:LWT, Volume 92 Author(s): Xenia Pascari, Jordi Ortiz-Solá, Sonia Marín, Antonio J. Ramos, Vicente Sanchis A multianalyte method, using a MS/MS detector, was applied for a simultaneous determination of 23 mycotoxins in 64 beer products purchased from the supermarket in Lleida, Spain. The samples varied by their origin, brewing technology, alcohol...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:03
Publication date: June 2018 Source:LWT, Volume 92 Author(s): Shin Young Park, Soo-Jin Jung, Sang-Do Ha The current study investigated the synergistic effect of combined X-ray irradiation (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 kGy) and aqueous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) treatment (10, 20, 30, and 50 ppm) on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium biofilms on the surfaces of quail egg shells. The...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:03
Publication date: June 2018 Source:LWT, Volume 92 Author(s): Hyeong Sang Kim, Sun Jin Hur The objective of this study was to determine the changes in mutagenicity caused by heterocyclic amines (HCAs), nitrite, and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) in pork patties during in vitro human digestion. The mutagenicity was higher in raw pork patties containing HCAs than in those containing nitrite or...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:01
Abstract Contamination sources, biofilm-forming ability and biocide resistance of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 from two tilapia-processing plants were assessed. The application of unsuitable handling and sanitizing procedures caused a wide contamination by thermotolerant coliforms in Factories A (51.2% of points) and B (66.7%), exceeding the legal limits for frozen...
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 81, Issue 3, Page 412-416, March 2018.
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 01:20
Ximena Blanco Crivelli, María P. Bonino, Paula Von Wernich Castillo, Armando Navarro, Osvaldo Degregorio, Adriana Bentancor
Thu, 02/15/2018 - 00:00
During the years 2005–2016, a total of 1067 samples for 24 types of herbal materia medica were investigated for the presence of aflatoxins (AFs) using immunoaffinity column cleanup and HPLC-coupled to a fluorescence detector after post-column derivatization. AFs were detected in 373 (35%) out of the total samples. Among them, Platycladi Semen (65% for total AFs and 79% for AFB1), Corydalis...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 19:00
AbstractReducing Campylobacter spp. carriage in poultry is challenging, but essential to control this major cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although much is known about the mechanisms and route of Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry, the literature is scarce on antibiotic-free solutions to combat Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry. In vitro and in vivo studies...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 13:25
Abstract We produced a Pseudomonas veronii biofilm on the surface of stainless steel that is inhibitory to Escherichia coli O157:H7. P. veronii strain KACC 81051BP, isolated from lettuce, readily formed biofilm on the surface of stainless steel coupons (SSCs) immersed in tryptic soy broth at 25°C. Cells showed significantly (P ≤ 0∙05) enhanced tolerance to desiccation stress (43% relative...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:28
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05953
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella is estimated to cause one million foodborne illnesses in the United States every year. Salmonella-contaminated poultry products are one of the major sources of salmonellosis. Given the critical role of the gut microbiota in Salmonella transmission, a manipulation of the chicken intestinal microenvironment could prevent animal colonization by the pathogen. In Salmonella, the global...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Water resources contaminated with wastewater are an important source for the dissemination of enteric viruses with an impact on the health of the population. The aim of the study was to assess the viral contamination of freshwater from a dam in Argentina by using infectious enterovirus detection, viral RNA amplification, and a genetic characterization of five enteric viruses associated with...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Purple prairie clover (PPC; Dalea purpurea Vent.) containing 84.5 g/kg dry matter (DM) of condensed tannin (CT) was ensiled without (control) or with polyethylene glycol (PEG) for 76 days, followed by 14 days of aerobic exposure. Changes in fermentation characteristics were determined, and the composition of bacterial and fungal communities were assessed using metagenomic sequencing. The addition...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Cerecidins are small lantibiotics from Bacillus cereus that were obtained using a semi-in vitro biosynthesis strategy and showed prominent antimicrobial activities against certain Gram-positive bacteria. However, the parental strain B. cereus As 1.1846 is incapable of producing cerecidins, most probably due to the transcriptional repression of the cerecidin gene cluster. Located in the cerecidin...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
The opportunistic plant-pathogenic fungus Aspergillus flavus produces carcinogenic mycotoxins termed aflatoxins (AF). Aflatoxin contamination of agriculturally important crops, such as maize, peanut, sorghum, and tree nuts, is responsible for serious adverse health and economic impacts worldwide. In order to identify possible genetic targets to reduce AF contamination, we have characterized the...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Campylobacter jejuni is a microaerophilic bacterium and is believed to persist in a biofilm to antagonize environmental stress. This study investigated the influence of environmental conditions on the formation of C. jejuni biofilm. We report an extracellular DNA (eDNA)-mediated mechanism of biofilm formation in response to aerobic and starvation stress. The eDNA was determined to represent a...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is the only organism demonstrated to utilize fructose-asparagine (F-Asn) as a source of carbon and nitrogen. In this report, we first used a bioinformatics approach to identify other microorganisms that encode homologs of the Salmonella F-Asn utilization enzymes FraB (deglycase), FraD (kinase), and FraE (asparaginase). These candidate organisms were then...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella spp. are remarkably adaptable pathogens, and this adaptability allows these bacteria to thrive in a variety of environments and hosts. The mechanisms with which these pathogens establish within a niche amid the native microbiota remain poorly understood. Here, we aimed to uncover the mechanisms that enable Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain ATCC 14028 to benefit from the...
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 01:17
Changyong Cheng, Hang Wang, Tiantian Ma, Xiao Han, Yongchun Yang, Jing Sun, Zhongwei Chen, Huifei Yu, Yi Hang, Fengdan Liu, Weihuan Fang, Lingli Jiang, Chang Cai, Houhui Song
Wed, 02/14/2018 - 01:17
Jurgita Aksomaitiene, Sigita Ramonaite, John E. Olsen, Mindaugas Malakauskas
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 23:21
Summary Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging pathogen that can be transmitted through contaminated raw or undercooked meat derived from domestic pigs. HEV infections have been documented among pig herds, pig products and environmental samples raising concern about the spread of the virus. HEV genotypes 3 and 4 are considered zoonotic and have been linked to human cases. HEV was detected in 51...
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 11:40
Abstract Proteus mirabilis, a Gram-negative bacterium, is ubiquitous in the environment and is considered as the normal microflora in the human gastrointestinal tract. However, this bacterium is an opportunistic pathogen in humans, often causing urinary tract infections. Moreover, Proteus has been frequently isolated from food animals, including poultry. Whether this bacterium contributes to the...
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 11:35
AbstractBecause of the impossibility to consume food of animal origin, vegan consumers are looking for substitutes that could enrich their diet. Among many substitutes, fermented nut products are made from different nut types and obtained after soaking, grinding, and fermentation. Although other fermented vegetable products have been deeply investigated, there are few data about the fermentative...
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 09:07
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05289
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 08:59
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018 Author(s): Delfino Vubil, Clara Balleste-Delpierre, Rita Mabunda, Sozinho Acácio, Marcelino Garrine, Tacilta Nhampossa, Pedro Alonso, Inacio Mandomando, Jordi Vila The objective of the study was to assess antibiotic resistance and the molecular epidemiology of Shigella isolates from a case-control study of diarrhea,...
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Shellfish samples (n = 310) purchased from local supermarkets were analysed for the presence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) by nested RT-PCR and real-time qRT-PCR. Overall, 2.9% of samples tested positive for the presence of HEV. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV sequences revealed all as being genotype 3 HEV. This is the first report of the detection of HEV in commercially sold...
Tue, 02/13/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 81: Natural Occurrence of Nivalenol, Deoxynivalenol, and Deoxynivalenol-3-Glucoside in Polish Winter Wheat Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10020081 Authors: Marcin Bryła Edyta Ksieniewicz-Woźniak Agnieszka Waśkiewicz Krystyna Szymczyk Renata Jędrzejczak The presence of mycotoxins in cereal grain is a very important food safety factor. The occurrence of “masked”...
Mon, 02/12/2018 - 21:09
Publication date: August 2018 , Volume 73 Author(s): Marilyn C. Erickson, Jye-Yin Liao, Mussie Y. Habteselassie, Jennifer L. Cannon Field workers often wear gloves harvesting ready-to-eat produce; however, fields are not sterile environments and gloves may become contaminated numerous times during a working shift. This study explored the potential for inactivation of Escherichia coli...
Mon, 02/12/2018 - 21:09
Publication date: August 2018 , Volume 73 Author(s): Ilenia Siciliano, Sara Franco Ortega, Giovanna Gilardi, Pietro Bosio, Angelo Garibaldi, Maria Lodovica Gullino Alternaria leaf-spot is a new disease recently reported on basil in Italy. The correct identification of Alternaria species has suffered from many reclassifications in function of morphological features and molecular...
Mon, 02/12/2018 - 17:00
Swastik De, Katherine Kaus, Shada Sinclair, Brandon C. Case, Rich Olson Vibrio cholerae is an aquatic gram-negative microbe responsible for cholera, a pandemic disease causing life-threatening diarrheal outbreaks in populations with limited access to health care. Like most pathogenic bacteria, V. cholerae secretes virulence factors to assist colonization of human hosts, several of which bind...
Mon, 02/12/2018 - 11:29
Reactive enamine stress caused by intracellular 2-aminoacrylate accumulation leads to pleiotropic growth defects in a variety of organisms. Members of the well-conserved RidA/YER057c/UK114 protein family prevent enamine stress by enhancing the breakdown of 2-aminoacrylate to pyruvate. In Salmonella enterica, the disruption of RidA allows 2-aminoacrylate to accumulate and inactivate a variety of...

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