Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Isra Ismail IID, Satish Kumar, Swati Shukla, Vikas Kumar, Rakesh SharmaAbstractThe utilization of herbal medicines for the management of diseases has provided admirable results. Plant extracts are rich in like polyphenols, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, and terpenoids having specific health benefits. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease with a worldwide occurrence,...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Liping Zhou, Tingwei Xu, Jicheng Yan, Xin Li, Yuqing Xie, Hao ChenAbstractThe konjac glucomannan (hereafter referred to simply as konjac) hydrogel has favorable gel-forming ability and swelling capacity, but the insufficient flexibility and poor water retention have limited its utilization. In this study, composite gels based on konjac and fish gelatin (FG) were prepared by alkali...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Hao Cheng, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Zhenfeng Xie, Shengnan Tao, Yunxing Li, Li LiangAbstractThe combination of different antimicrobial agents might produce synergistic effects and has gained increasing interest. Interfacial engineering of emulsion systems has been developed to co-encapsulate and protect bioactive components with different solubility. In this study, peppermint oil and...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Abdorreza Vaezihir, Mohammad Bagher Bayanlou, Zeinab Ahmadnezhad, Ghodrat BarzegariAbstractAdsorption is a well-known phenomenon that causes the remediation of BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylene). Zeolite is typically useful for the removal of BTEX from groundwater. In this study, the migration of the BTEX plume was investigated in a bench-scale tank model as a shallow...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Jinru Chen, Yin WangAbstractSalmonella is a bacterial pathogen frequently involved in human gastrointestinal infections including those associated with low-moisture foods such as dehydrated food powders/spices, vegetable seeds, and tree nuts. The survival/persistence of Salmonella on low moisture foods and in dry environments is enhance by its ability in developing biofilms. This study...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Jiakang Ran, Wen Zheng, Hongbin Wang, Haijuan Wang, Qinchun LiAbstractTo study the effects of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) on cadmium (Cd) accumulation and the physiological responses of the Cd hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum and non-hyperaccumulator Solanum melongena, a pot experiment was conducted in soil containing 2 mg kg−1 Cd in which different concentrations of IAA (0, 10, 20, or...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:17
Surface‐enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) provides a potential solution for rapid analysis of trace compounds such as residual pesticides, naturally occurred toxicants, banned or restricted drugs, and food additives in complex food matrices. In this review, the basic principles of SERS and general approaches to successfully apply SERS in food analysis are covered from an applications perspective...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:16
Aims This study was conducted to early detect the negative culture bacterial pathogens causing subclinical mastitis for the fast diagnosis of the disease and the reduction of some milk transmitted pathogenic bacteria to human consumers. Methods and Results A total of 171 positive California mastitis test (CMT) milk samples collected from asymptomatic dairy cows in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt were...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:15
The illegal use of clenbuterol (CL), as a growth promoter in animal feeding, is banned in the majority of countries across the world, such as the European Union and China. In this study, a rapid and sensitive method for detecting CL in animal-origin food samples based on liquid-liquid extraction and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has been developed for the first time. A twice-oxidized...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:15
Both polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and cadmium (Cd) can be frequently found in marine ecosystems and have detrimental effects on marine organisms, especially on filter-feeding marine mussels. Although biological responses to single metal or PCB exposure in mussels have been well-studied, information about oxidative stress is still limited, especially in different tissues in mussels....
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
The aim of this study was the assessment of the effect of time exposure, temperature, distance, and organic contaminants on radiant catalytic ionization (RCI) microbicidal effectiveness. The number of all examined bacteria decreased together with time exposure of RCI. The lowest recovery was obtained, both from the rubber surface (6.36 log CFU × cm–2) and steel (6.04 log CFU × cm–2) in the case...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Phage lytic proteins are promising antimicrobials that could complement conventional antibiotics and help to combat multi-drug resistant bacteria that cause important human and animal infections. Here, we report the characterization of endolysin LysRODI (encoded by staphylophage phiIPLA-RODI) and its application as a prophylactic mastitis treatment. The main properties of LysRODI were compared...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has emerged as a global health concern during the last decade. In spite of a high mortality rate in pregnant women with fulminant hepatitis, no antiviral drugs or licensed vaccine is available in India. HEV-protease is a pivotal enzyme responsible for ORF1 polyprotein processing leading to cleavage of the non-structural enzymes involved in virus replication. HEV-protease...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Simultaneous detection technology has become a hot topic in analytical chemistry; however, very few reports on how to simultaneously detect small molecular contaminants and microorganisms have been in place. Aflatoxins are a group of highly toxic and carcinogenic compounds, which are produced mainly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus from section Flavi responsible for aflatoxin...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
The incidence of Salmonella enterica infection resulting from consumption of chicken products has historically been elevated in British Columbia compared with the rest of Canada. Raw frozen breaded chicken products are often implicated as the source of infection as there is a potential for consumers to not cook these products adequately. This occurs because the production process for these foods...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Naturally occurring monoglyceride esters of fatty acids have been associated with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities. We used an automated turbidimetric method to measure the MIC and assess the antimicrobial activity of five monoglycerides (monocaprin, monolaurin, monomyristin, monopalmitin, and monostearin) against pathogenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis,...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Listeria monocytogenes has emerged as a food safety concern for several produce commodities. Although L. monocytogenes contamination can occur throughout the supply chain, contamination from the packinghouse environment represents a particular challenge and has been linked to outbreaks and recalls. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, persistence, and diversity of L. monocytogenes and...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
In situ generation of chlorine dioxide to reduce microbial populations on produce surfaces has been shown to be effective on produce models. This study examined the treatment for decontamination of bacterial pathogens on whole cantaloupes and sprout seeds. Whole cantaloupes, mung beans, and alfalfa seeds were inoculated with Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Shiga toxin–producing...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are a major public health problem. Of particular importance in the context of food safety is the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes within nontyphoidal Salmonella, which is a leading bacterial cause of foodborne disease. We determined the prevalence of AMR genes across a very large number of Salmonella genomes (n = 25,647) collected from isolates...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:14
Cheeses made with unpasteurized milk are a safety concern due to possible contamination with foodborne pathogens. Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 have been implicated in several outbreaks and recalls linked to Gouda cheese made with unpasteurized milk. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Code of Federal Regulations requires cheeses made with unpasteurized milk to be aged at...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
by Joseph T. Hicks, Dong-Hun Lee, Venkata R. Duvuuri, Mia Kim Torchetti, David E. Swayne, Justin Bahl The 2014–2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5NX outbreak represents the largest and most expensive HPAI outbreak in the United States to date. Despite extensive traditional and molecular epidemiological studies, factors associated with the spread of HPAI among midwestern poultry...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
ABSTRACT Machine learning has proven to be a powerful method to predict antimicrobial resistance (AMR) without using prior knowledge for selected bacterial species-antimicrobial combinations. To date, only species-specific machine learning models have been developed, and to the best of our knowledge, the inclusion of information from multiple species has not been attempted. The aim of this study...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive Firmicute that causes food-borne infections, in part due to its ability to use multiple strategies, including biofilm formation, to survive adverse growth conditions. As a potential way to screen for genes required for biofilm formation we harnessed the ability of bacteria to accumulate mutations in the genome over time, diverging the properties of...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Transition metals are essential for life, but are toxic when in excess. Metal ion intoxication may result from the mismetallation of essential metal-dependent enzymes with a non-cognate metal. To begin to identify enzymes and processes that are susceptible to mismetallation, we have selected for strains with increased resistance to Mn(II) and Co(II). In Bacillus subtilis, cells lacking the MntR...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin is a cattle-adapted S. enterica serovar causing both intestinal and systemic infection in its bovine host, and it is also a serious threat to human health. The present study aimed to determine the population structure of S. Dublin isolates obtained from Danish cattle herds and to investigate how cattle isolates relate to Danish human isolates, as well as to non-...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Staphylococcus aureus infection poses a serious threat to public health, and antibiotic resistance has complicated the clinical treatment and limited the solutions available to solve this problem. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is a promising strategy for microorganism inactivation. However, the mechanisms of microbial inactivation or resistance remain unclear. In this study, we treated S. aureus...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Antibiotic resistance continues to be an emerging threat both in clinical and environmental settings. Among the many causes, the impact of postchlorinated human wastewater on antibiotic resistance has not been well studied. Our study compared antibiotic susceptibility among Aeromonas spp. in postchlorinated effluents to that of the recipient riverine populations for three consecutive years...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Alteromonas is a widely distributed genus of marine Gammaproteobacteria, with representatives shown to be key players in diverse processes, including biogeochemical cycling and biofouling of marine substrata. While Alteromonas spp. are early colonizers of copper-based antifouling paints on marine vessels, their mechanism of tolerance is poorly understood. PacBio whole-genome sequencing of...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Most clinical antibiotics are derived from actinomycete natural products discovered at least 60 years ago. However, the repeated rediscovery of known compounds led the pharmaceutical industry to largely discard microbial natural products (NPs) as a source of new chemical diversity. Recent advances in genome sequencing have revealed that these organisms have the potential to make many more NPs...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Current California agricultural practices strive to comanage food safety and habitat conservation on farmland. However, the ecology of foodborne pathogens in wild bird populations, especially those avian species residing in proximity to fresh produce production fields, is not fully understood. In this repeated cross-sectional study, avifauna within agricultural lands in California were sampled...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:24
Growth and productivity of rice are negatively affected by soil salinity. However, some salt-tolerant rhizosphere-inhabiting bacteria can improve salt resistance of plants, thereby augmenting plant growth and production. Here, we isolated a total of 53 plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) from saline and non-saline areas in Bangladesh where electrical conductivity was measured as >7.45...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Tao Yang, Zuhua Zhang, Feng Zhang, Yanan Gao, Qisheng WuAbstractThe treatment of industrial solid wastes requires a proper binder that can efficiently solidify and stabilize the harmful containments. Previous studies have shown that the incorporation of calcined dolomite (CD) in the one-part sodium carbonate-activated blast furnace slag binder promotes the formation of hydrotalcite-...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Agnieszka Pluta-Kubica, Magda Filipczak-Fiutak, Jacek Domagała, Iwona Duda, Władysław MigdałAbstractThe purpose of this research was to determine the occurrence of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 8 biogenic amines in traditionally smoked cheeses in order to control their safety. The majority of the examined cheeses met the requirements of the maximum level of benzo[a]...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Rouhollah Karami-OsbooAbstractMonitoring of Ochratoxin A (OTA), a toxic and carcinogenic metabolite of fungi, requires accurate and precise analytical methods. Quantitative determination of OTA at trace level in raisin samples was evaluated by nanofluid extraction coupled with HPLC–FLD. The experimental parameters affecting the extraction efficiency of OTA were investigated and...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Christina Charmpi, David Van der Veken, Emiel Van Reckem, Luc De Vuyst, Frédéric LeroyAbstractAcidification level and temperature modulate the beneficial consortia of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) during meat fermentation. Less is known about the impact of other factors, such as raw meat quality and salting. These could for instance affect the...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Felix Y.H. Kutsanedzie, Akwasi A. Agyekum, Viswadevarayalu Annavaram, Quansheng ChenAbstractOchratoxin-A (OTA) and Aflatoxin-B1 (AFT-B1) pose debilitating health threats to consumers and therefore require rapid monitoring with sensors. This work synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) within (4 ≤ pH ≤ 11) ±0.2 to attain different enhancement-factors (EF). AgNP@pH-11 which gave the...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): S. Ployon, A. Attina, J. Vialaret, A.S. Walker, C. Hirtz, C. SaucierAbstractBotrytized sweet wines are made with berries infected by the fungus Botrytis cinerea. The aim of this study was to identify biomarkers of B. cinerea infection in sweet wines with a focus on laccases which are exocellular oxidase enzymes produced by this fungus during fruit contamination. Total proteins from six...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Cong Guo, Yu-Jie Xie, Meng-Ting Zhu, Qian Xiong, Yi Chen, Qiang Yu, Jian-Hua XieAbstractThis study investigated the comparative effects of boiling, roasting, deep-frying methods on the content of nutritional and potentially harmful components in peanuts. After cooking, the contents of total reducing sugar, sucrose, unsaturated fatty acids and almost all individual amino acids were...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Shunan Zheng, Qi Wang, Yuzhi Yuan, Weimin SunAbstractHeavy metal contamination is one of the most pressing concerns for food security and human health. Understanding the risk to human health posed by soil pollution that enters the food chain is paramount. Here, we systematically assessed potential risks due to heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, and As) contamination in soil and crops (2241...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Nabil Amor, Sarra Farjallah, Paolo Merella, Abdulaziz N Alagaili, Osama B. MohammedAbstractFasciolosis is a foodborne trematodosis characterised by a worldwide distribution. Various approaches have been developed for the study of the causative agents of this parasitic infection: Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola gigantica and the aspermic intermediated forms (hybrid and introgressed). In the...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:21
The authors regret that the affiliation of authors is wrong. Correct affiliation is: Public Health College of Zhengzhou University, No. 100 of Science Road, Zhengzhou, 450001, China. Department of surgery, the first affiliated medical college of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 of Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou, 450052, China. *Corresponding authors: Professor Zengli Yu, Public Health College...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Xinli Xing, Zhanle Chen, Qian Tian, Yao Mao, Weijie Liu, Mingming Shi, Cheng Cheng, Tianpeng Hu, Gehao Zhu, Ying Li, Huang Zheng, Jiaquan Zhang, Shaofei Kong, Shihua QiAbstract:Characterization and source identification of PM2.5–bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are conducted in urban Wuhan (WH), suburban Pingdingshan (PDS), and rural Suizhou (SZ) in China during summer...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Haikun Zhang, Jingyi Xie, Yanyu Sun, Ailing Zheng, Xiaoke HuAbstractAntimony trisulfide (Sb2S3) is industrially important for processes ranging from a semiconductor dopant through batteries to a flame retardant. Approaches for fabricating Sb2S3 nanostructures or thin films are by chemical or physicochemical methods, while there have been no report focused on the biological synthesis of...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Moyosore Joseph Adegbeye, Poonooru Ravi Kanth Reddy, Cynthia Adaku Chilaka, Olalekan Blessing Balogun, Mona M.M.Y. Elghandour, Raymundo Rene Rivas-Caceres, Abdelfattah Z.M. SalemAbstractMycotoxin residues are transferred from feed to animal products, yet, less attention has been paid to it in developing countries like Nigeria, India, Mexico etc. There is a need to find alternative...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): A.E. Vlasenko, V.G. Kuznetsov, I.Yu. Petrova, T.Yu. MagarlamovAbstract:Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a potent neurotoxin frequently occurring in marine organisms along with its numerous analogues. To determine the total TTX content, we developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique utilizing polyclonal antibodies against TTX. The technique was tested using extracts of marine...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:20
LWT
Author(s): Meizhen Xie, Xiyu Dong, Yan Yu, Leqi CuiAbstractLipid oxidation is a major food safety issue for edible oils. The objective of this study was to develop a simple method for detecting lipid oxidation through the color change of a composite film. Schiff's reagent which can form color compound with lipid oxidation products—aldehydes was incorporated into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to form...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:18
Biosecurity is crucial for infectious disease prevention, more importantly in the absence of vaccination. The need for improving the implementation of biosecurity practices was highlighted in French duck farms following the 2016–2017 H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) epidemic. Farmers have multiple reasons for not implementing biosecurity practices: external (time, money) and internal...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:18
Cadmium has long been recognized as an environmental contaminant that poses risks to human health. Cadmium is of concern since nearly everyone in the general population is exposed to the metal through the food supply and the ability of the element to accumulate in the body over a lifetime. In support of the United States Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Toxic Element Working Group's efforts...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:18
Antibiotics are one of the most widely used types of drugs in pharmaceutics. However, efficiency of these drugs has decreased recently owing to the threat of antibiotic resistance. One of the important factors causing antibiotic resistance is the excessive use of antibacterials in animals. Therefore, detection of antibiotics in foods of animal origin is crucial. The aim of this study was to...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:18
A newly isolated Campylobacter jejuni bacteriophage CJ01 was partially characterized and might be a potential biocontrol agent to improve food safety. Abstract Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen causing acute bacterial enteritis worldwide. Screening of novel bacteriophages as biocontrol tools to eliminate C. jejuni in food during pre‐ and postharvest is an emerging research field...

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