Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:28
Author(s): Jesus D. Fernandez-Bayo, Emily A. Shea, Amy E. Parr, Yigal Achmon, James J. Stapleton, Jean S. VanderGheynst, Amanda K. Hodson, Christopher W. SimmonsAbstractBiosolarization utilizes organic amendments to produce biopesticide compounds in soil that can work in tandem with other stresses to inactivate agricultural pests. The prospect of using by-products from industrial almond...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:28
Author(s): Stephen R. Cattle, Carl Robinson, Mark WhatmuffAbstractThe re-use of waste materials by application to land is an increasingly common practice around the world, but where municipal solid waste materials are applied, it is almost inevitable that physical contaminants such as glass and plastic will be added to the soil. In many jurisdictions, there are prescribed limits for the amounts...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Xueyan Li, Aijing Li, Wenjuan Zhang, Xiaowei Liu, Yong Liang, Xinglei Yao, Maoyong SongAbstractIt has been demonstrated that heavy metals cross the placental barrier and exert potentially harmful fetal effects. Although previous studies showed sex differences in response to similar intrauterine environments, little is known about fetal sex-related differences in placental transfer and...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Diana Matos, Carina Sá, Paulo Cardoso, Adília Pires, Sílvia M. Rocha, Etelvina FigueiraAbstractRhizobia have a significant agronomic and environmental role and are eminent contributors to soil fertility. However, this group of microorganisms are affected by various environmental stresses, such as Cd contamination. High Cd concentrations change bacterial metabolism. During this...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Florian Zindler, Franziska Beedgen, Diana Brandt, Madeleine Steiner, Daniel Stengel, Lisa Baumann, Thomas BraunbeckAbstractIn (eco)toxicology, there is a critical need for efficient methods to evaluate the neurotoxic potential of environmental chemicals. Recent studies proposed analysis of early coiling activity in zebrafish embryos as a powerful tool for the identification of...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:24
LWT
Author(s): Xi Cao, Linmeng Liao, Fengqin FengAbstractLipase catalysis has become the most promising technique for enrichment of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) due to its mild and green conditions. In this study, Trichosporon sp. F1-2 was newly isolated from oil-contaminated sludge, and its extracellular lipase was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation and DEAE-...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:24
LWT
Author(s): Yuanyuan Pan, Yan Zhang, Jun-Hu Cheng, Da-Wen SunAbstractEffects of ultrasound pretreatments and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) cold plasma on the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) under various growth temperatures were investigated, and membrane fatty acid profiles of L. monocytogenes were also determined. Fatty acids anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and C15:0...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:22
The present investigation was aimed at evaluating the occurrence of transferable genes conferring resistance to tetracyclines, macrolide‐lincosamide‐streptogramin B (MLSB), vancomycin, beta‐lactams, and aminoglycosides in 32 samples from eight batches of ready‐to‐eat crickets (Acheta domesticus) commercialized by four European Union producers (two batches per producer). Bacterial DNA extracted...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:21
An efficient high‐speed shear homogenization extraction (HSHE) technique was employed for extracting stevioside (STV) and rebaudioside A (RA) from Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) leaves. The HSHE extraction procedure was optimized and compared with other conventional extraction techniques. HSHE showed a better extraction efficiency than solvent extraction (SE), ultrasound‐assisted extraction (UAE),...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:21
As a result of the obesity epidemic, the prevalence of non‐alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing. No drug is approved for the treatment of NASH. We have investigated the effect of a nutritional supplement, Mastiha or Chios mastic gum, on metabolic and histological parameters and on the gut microbiome in mice with NASH and fibrosis. Methods and results Advanced NASH was induced by feeding...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:20
The present study assessed the occurrence, virulence determinants and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Vibrio spp. isolated from live Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum). A total of 31 Vibrio spp. including 27 V. diabolicus, 2 V. fluvialis, 1 V. alginolyticus, and 1 V. antiquarius were isolated and identified. Phenotypic detection of DNase, lipase, phospholipase, amylase, and caseinase...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:19
This study was aimed to develop a rapid technique for detection of ochratoxin A (OTA) by Photobacterium leiognathi (P. leiognathi) based on its inhibition of luminescence on P. leiognathi. The freeze‐dried powder of P. leiognathi was incubated and grown aerobically in sterile liquid medium at 28℃ for 20 h. Optical cell density (OD) at wavelength of 610 nm was measured using UV spectrometer every...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:19
ABSTRACT We conducted a serological survey to detect antibodies against influenza A virus (IAV) in Japanese wild boars in Kagoshima prefecture, Japan, between 2014 and 2017. Sero‐prevalence against a pandemic‐like swine H1N1 (H1N1pdm) virus was identified in 27.1% of specimens, and 1.7% were positive for both swine H1N2 and H3N2 viruses, indicating that wild boars could play an important role in...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:18
EchAMP, the tenth most abundant transcript expressed in the mammary gland of echidna, has in vitro broad-spectrum antibacterial effects. However, the effects of EchAMP on mastitis, a condition where inflammation is triggered following mammary gland infection, has not been investigated. To investigate the impact of EchAMP against mastitis, EchAMP transgenic mice were generated. In antibacterial...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:17
The purpose of this review is to present information about the role of activation of aflatoxins and other mycotoxins, of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway. Aflatoxins and other mycotoxins are a diverse group of secondary metabolites that can be contaminants in a broad range of agricultural products and feeds. Some species of Aspergillus, Alternaria, Penicilium, and Fusarium are major...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:17
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of foodborne zoonosis in the European Union. Infections are often linked to the consumption and handling of poultry meat. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caecal microbiota of birds infected with C. jejuni at different ages. Therefore, a total of 180 birds of the laying hybrid Lohmann Brown-Classic were housed in 12...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:17
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) represent the largest group of endogenous compounds and serves as a novel alternative to traditional antibiotics for the treatment of pathogenic microorganisms. Moricin is an important α-helical AMP plays a crucial role in insect humoral defense reactions. The present study was designed to identify and characterize novel AMP moricin (Px-Mor) from diamondback moth (...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:17
Necrotic enteritis (NE) causes huge economic losses to the poultry industry. Probiotics are used as potential alternatives to antibiotics to prevent NE. It is known that Clostridium butyricum can act as a probiotic that can prevent infection. However, whether or not it exerts a beneficial effect on NE in chickens remains elusive. Therefore, we investigated the impact of C. butyricum on immune...
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:17
Sample clean-up remains the most time-consuming and error-prone step in the whole analytical procedure for aflatoxins (AFTs) analysis. Herein, an automated and high-throughput sample clean-up platform was developed with a disposable, cost-effective immunoaffinity magnetic bead-based kit. Under optimized conditions, the automated method takes less than 30 min to simultaneously purify 20 samples...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:29
by Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Shigekazu Iguchi, Takashi Umeyama, Yuba Inamine, Koichi Makimura, Makoto Kuroda, Yoshitsugu Miyazaki, Ken Kikuchi Candida auris is an invasive and multidrug-resistant ascomycetous yeast that is under global surveillance. All clinical cases of C. auris infection diagnosed from 1997 to 2019 in Japan were non-invasive and sporadic otitis media cases. In the present study, we...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:29
ABSTRACT Nonmenstrual toxic shock syndrome (nmTSS), linked to TSST-1-producing CC30 Staphylococcus aureus, is the leading manifestation of toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Due to case rarity and a lack of tractable animal models, TSS pathogenesis is poorly understood. We developed an S. aureus abscess model in HLA class II transgenic mice to investigate pathogenesis and treatment. TSST-1 sensitivity...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Yen Ee Tan, Jocelyn Qi-Min Teo, Nurdyana Binte Abdul Rahman, Oon Tek Ng, Marimuthu Kalisvar, Ai Ling Tan, Tse Hsien Koh, Rick Twee Hee OngAbstractCandida auris has emerged as a multidrug-resistant pathogen worldwide. While it is known that there are 4 geographic clades, little is known about its genomic epidemiology in the Southeast Asian region. Laboratory identification can be...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Stefan EBMEYER, Erik KRISTIANSSON, D.G. Joakim LARSSONAbstractObjectiveUnderstanding the origins of antibiotic resistance genes is important to assess and manage risks associated with the emergence of novel resistance genes. The chromosomal ampC gene (CAV-1) of Aeromonas caviae has been reported as the origin of mobile FOX cephalosporinases. The recent identification of A. caviae as...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Ling Mo, Xiaobo Zheng, Chunyou Zhu, Yuxin Sun, Lehuan Yu, Xiaojun Luo, Bixian MaiAbstractPlenty of banned and emerging persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), dechlorane plus (DP), and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), were measured in oriental...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Surbhi Dabral, Yashaswee, Ajit Varma, Devendra Kumar Choudhary, Rajeev Nayan Bahuguna, Manoj NathAbstractPiriformospora indica is known for plant growth promotion and abiotic stress alleviation potential in several agricultural crops. However, a systemic analysis is warranted to explore potential application of this important fungus to augment heavy metal tolerance in rice. The present...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:21
Significance and Impact of the Study: Microbial contamination of air and surfaces in hospitals play an important role in healthcare‐associated infections. The aim was the assessment of Klebsiella pneumoniae elimination using radiant catalytic ionization (RCI). K. pneumoniae are aetiological agent of nosocomial infections, such as: pneumonia, infections of urinary tract, blood, e.t.c. The strains...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:20
The achievement of long lasting, safe treatments for food allergy is dependent on the understanding of the immunological basis of food allergy. Accurate diagnosis is essential for management. In recent years, data from oral food challenges have revealed that routine allergy testing is poor at predicting clinical allergy for tree nuts, almonds in particular. More advanced antigen‐based tests...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:18
Background Armed conflict in Nigeria resulted in more than 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). IDPs live in poor conditions lacking basic resources with variable provision across different locations. This audit aimed to determine the health-related resources available to IDPs in camp-like settings in Nigeria and whether these met international standards. Methods Using a cross-sectional...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
Microcins are low-molecular-weight, ribosomally produced, highly stable, bacterial-inhibitory molecules involved in competitive, and amensalistic interactions between Enterobacteriaceae in the intestine. These interactions take place in a highly complex chemical landscape, the intestinal eco-active chemosphere, composed of chemical substances that positively or negatively influence bacterial...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
Colistin is a last resort antibiotic used for the treatment of human infections associated with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriales. Here, we evaluated the occurrence of mcr-1 and -2 plasmid-mediated colistin resistance in colistin and/or carbapenem resistant human clinical Enterobacteriales and other gram-negative bacteria (n = 543) as well as third generation cephalosporin-resistant (3GCR...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
The aim of this study was to quantify, identify, evaluate antimicrobial resistance, and characterize the virulence factors of enteropathogenic (EPEC), Shiga-toxigenic (STEC), and enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) Escherichia coli in raw milk (RM) and legal (LMFC) and illegal (IMFC) Minas Frescal cheeses in southern and northeast Brazil. Illegal cheeses are those made without official inspection service or...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) contributes to diarrhea and an often-lethal enterotoxemia. CPE action starts when it binds to claudin receptors, forming a small complex (90 kDa). Six small complexes then oligomerize to create prepores, followed by insertion of beta-hairpins from CPE to form beta-barrel pores named CH-1 or CH-2. Of the ~27 members of the human claudin protein family,...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
Ciguatera is the term for poisoning resulting from eating fish from tropical or subtropical regions. The causative toxins collectively named ciguatoxins (CTXs) widely differ in structures depending on their geographic origins, which range from the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean to the Caribbean Sea. Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP) is caused by the ingestion of bivalve shellfish...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
Infections due to multi-drug resistant bacteria are on the rise and there is an urgent need to develop new antibacterials. In this regard, a series of six functionally diverse new quinazolinone compounds were synthesized by a facile one-pot reaction of benzoic acid derivatives, trimethoxymethane and aniline derivatives. Three compounds of 3-aryl-8-methylquinazolin-4(3H)-one, and 3-aryl-6,7-...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:28
by Jin Ling, Hong Wang, Gaomin Li, Zhen Feng, Yufei Song, Peng Wang, Hong Shao, Hu Zhou, Gang Chen Background Escherichia coli is currently unable to be reliably differentiated from Shigella species by routine matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis. In the present study, a reliable and rapid identification method was established for...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:28
by Mizuki Tanaka, Shiori Hasegawa, Satoshi Nakao, Kazuyo Shimada, Ririka Mukai, Kiyoka Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro Nakamura Many drugs can cause hearing loss, leading to sensorineural deafness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of drug-induced hearing loss (DIHL) by using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database and to obtain profiles of DIHL onset in clinical settings. We...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Sofia Griselda Cuggino, Isabel Bascón Villegas, Francisco Rincón, Alejandra Pérez Agostini, Guiomar Posada-Izquierdo, Javier Marugán, Cristina Pablos Carro, Fernando Pérez-RodríguezAbstractThis work aimed to study the effect of the combination of Sodium hypochlorite, the most used disinfectant by the vegetable industry, with a natural antimicrobial, benzyl-isothiocyanate (BITC),...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Zhibin Liu, Zhiyao Wang, Jinyuan Sun, Li NiAbstractGutian Hong Qu glutinous rice wine (GHQW) is a representative alcoholic beverage in China. During its traditional brewing process, multiple strains are involved. However, the roles of these microorganisms, particularly their contributions to aroma formation, are poorly understood. Therefore, in this study, the dynamics of volatile...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:22
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) strains belonging to the Orthohepevirus genus are divided into four species (A–D). HEV strains included in the Orthohepevirus A species infect humans and several other mammals. Among them, the HEV‐3 and HEV‐4 genotypes are zoonotic and infect both humans and animals, of which, pigs and wild boar are the main reservoirs. Viruses belonging to the Orthohepevirus C species (...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:21
In this study, we have developed a method to assess adenosine 5ʹ‐triphosphate by adsorptive extraction using surface adenosine 5'‐triphosphate‐imprinted polymer over polystyrene nanoparticles (412 ± 16 nm) for selective recognition/separation from urine. Molecularly imprinted polymer was synthesized by emulsion copolymerization reaction using adenosine 5'‐triphosphate as a template, functional...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:21
A kind of molecularly imprinted polymers modified with biocompatible medium were prepared by suspension polymerization. The obtained hybrid materials were used as the adsorbents for the solid‐phase extraction of aflatoxins B1 in real samples. A structural analog of the target, 6‐methyl‐4‐phenylchroman‐2‐one was used as the pseudo‐template, owing to their lower toxicity and cheaper price compared...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:19
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Seafood processing generates significant amounts of solid and liquid waste in the environment. These represent a potential source of high‐value biomolecules for food, pharmaceutic and cosmetic applications. There are very few studies on the valorization of wastewaters compared to solid by‐products. However, cooking waters are characterized by a high organic polluting load,...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:18
A hydroponic experiment was carried out to study the accumulation characteristics of copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) combined pollution in three ornamental plants. The results showed that these tested ornamental plants had higher tolerance to Cu–Pb combined pollution and could effectively accumulate the heavy metals. The Cu and Pb concentrations were higher in the roots of the ornamental plants than...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:18
In this study, a binary mixture in dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was used for the preconcentration and determination of selected pesticides, pharmaceutical and hormone by GC–MS. A Box–Behnken experimental design was used to optimize the amounts of binary mixture, dispersive solvent and salt. The optimum parameters obtained were dichloromethane/1,2-dichloroethane binary mixture (200 µL...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:18
Abstract Presence of bacterial contaminants at levels > 107 colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/mL) during ethanol production processes reduces the alcoholic fermentation yield by 30%. Antibiotics are currently used to control contamination, but their residues may be detected in yeast extract, restricting this by-product trade to several countries. Thus, the objective of this study was...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
The development and implementation of rapid molecular diagnostics for tuberculosis (TB) drug-susceptibility testing is critical to inform treatment of patients and to prevent the emergence and spread of resistance. Optimal trial planning for existing tests and those in development will be critical to rapidly gather the evidence necessary to inform World Health Organization review and to support...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
To maintain self-sufficiency in rice production and national food security, the Chinese government strongly supports research that aims at increasing the productivity of rice cultivation. Rice with genetic material from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt rice) is transgenic rice that can reduce lepidopteran pest damage and the use of insecticides. It was developed in the 1990s and earned biosafety...

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